Showing 295 results

Authority record

A. D. MacNeill

  • Cape Breton
  • Person
  • 1880 – 1891

Alexander Donald MacNeil, (1867-1892) was born in Orangedale, Cape Breton. He was the son of the late James & Julia (MaxQuarrie) MacNeill. He received his early education in a one-room Orangedale school, attended Sydney Academy where he received a medal for excellence in literature and began writing poetry. He attended Queens University in Kingston, Ont. His education was interrupted when his mother died (1884) and while returning home he and his brother were caught in a snowstorm. He subsequently got a cold and later contracted Tuberculosis and died at age 25.

Abbass, John

  • Person
  • 1923-2007

John Jobe "Johnny" Abbass held the title of president of Abbass Studios. He went on to own and operate Econo Colour camera stores throughout the Maritimes. A prominent businessman and member of the local community, he served as vice president of the Professional Photographers Association of Canada and was involved with the Progressive Conservative Party and the Rotary Club of Sydney. He was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal in 2002 for outstanding contributions to his community. After his retirement from the business, his sons Blaise and John took over the Studios.

Almon, Albert

  • Person
  • 1872-1960

Albert Almon was born at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia in 1872. He married and had five children: Patrick, Joseph, Cleophas, Mary and Annie. Almon was a self-taught plumber and owned his own business in Glace Bay. An amateur historian, he earned him an honorary Masters of Arts degree from St. Francis Xavier University and recognition from Pope Pius XII. He died in 1960.

Archie "Larry" Gillis

  • Person
  • 1858-1934

Archie "Larry" Gillis was the son of Lawrence (Larry) Gillis and Ann MacDonald (Post). His father emigrated from the Isle of Barra in 1833 at the age of 10. A native of Rear Beaver Cove, he married fellow parishioner Mary MacSween and moved to North Sydney in 1913. A carpenter by trade, Gillis would eventually find work at the steel plant but always yearned to return to the calm and peace of the countryside. He composed many songs, many of them of a humorous nature.

Bayfield, Henry Wolsey

  • Person
  • 1795-1885

Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield (1795-1885) was born in Kingston Hull, England. At age 11 he entered the Royal Navy. He moved up in rank and served in the Mediterranean, off the coasts of France, Holland, and Spain, in the West Indies, and at Quebec and Halifax before joining the British flotilla on Lake Champlain in October 1814. He became acting lieutenant in Kingston, Upper Canada, on the sloop Star, a vessel employed in the Royal Navy’s surveying service on the Canadian lakes under the command of Captain William Fitz William Owen. Bayfield assisted Owen in the summer of 1816 in the survey of Lake Ontario and the upper St Lawrence from Kingston to the Galop Rapids at Edwardsburg Upper Canada. Bayfield soon became in charge of surveying. Bayfield was promoted commander in 1826. While in England he persuaded the Admiralty that a survey was required of the St Lawrence River and Gulf, to be connected with the chain of surveys from Lake Superior eastward. The Admiralty appointed Bayfield superintendent of the St Lawrence survey in 1827. One of Bayfield’s special concerns was to obtain measurements of the distances between the meridians of Quebec, Halifax, and St John’s. By 1848 Bayfield had surveyed the entire coastline of Prince Edward Island the Northumberland Strait coast of Nova Scotia, and the northeastern extremity of the Gaspé. In the next five years, he concentrated on a survey of Cape Breton Island begun in 1847, the Strait of Canso, Isle Madame, and the Bras d’Or Lake.

Beaton, Archibald

  • Person

Archibald Beaton was a resident of Mabou Mines, Nova Scotia.

Beaton, Elizabeth Dr.

  • Person
  • 1946-present

Elizabeth Beaton grew up on a farm in Antigonish County. She was educated at St. Martha’s Hospital, St. F. X. University (BA Celtic Studies), Memorial University of Newfoundland (MA Folklore) and University of Manitoba (Ph.D. Interdisciplinary Studies). She served as a CUSO volunteer in Guyana from 1967-1969, and stayed on in Guyana until 1973. She taught courses in Folklore, Geography, and Community Studies. She spent 33 years at Cape Breton University, including as a Senior Researcher at the Beaton Institute. Her primary interests have always been the culture and traditions – and relevant societal milieus -- of Cape Breton Island. This has led her to study and write about immigration and ethnic relations; the steel industry; housing as a reflection of culture and status, agriculture and the livelihood of farmers especially in Inverness County. As a Senior Research Fellow with the Centre for Cape Breton Studies, her current area of study and writing is on the material culture of the gaspereau fishery as a farm income supplement. She is also active on a committee dedicated to bringing farmer immigrants to Cape Breton Island. Elizabeth now spends a great deal of her time gardening, and cheering on the excellent young scholars who are involved in bringing a deeper and wider understanding of Cape Breton peoples and their respective cultures.

Beaton, Murdoch

  • Person
  • 1879-1976

Mudoch Beaton lived on the Shore Road in Harbourview near Port Hood. He married Mary Christina MacDonell. He is remembered for his wit and talent as a storyteller.

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas

  • Person
  • 1703-1772

Jacques Nicolas Bellin was appointed hydrographer (chief cartographer) to the French Navy at the age of 18 in 1721. He was eventually named the official hydrographer to King Louis XV. A member of the French intellectual group, the philosophes, Bellin's work was known for intellectual rigour and high quality often copied by other cartographers. His maps set a high standard of production and accuracy and were often copied by other cartographers. During his term in office he was commissioned to carry out major coastal surveys. In 1764 he published the Petit Atlas Maritime in 5 volumes.

Bernard, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1724-1805

Joseph Bernard, marquis de Chabert was a French naval officer, geographer and astronomer. He was commissioned in 1750 to go to North America to correct the maps of the coasts of Acadia, Isle Royale and Newfoundland. It was during this trip that Bernard visited Louisbourg and established an observatory. He documented his findings in the publication "Voyage fait par order du Roi en 1750 et 1751".

Black, Stephen R.

  • Person
  • 1877-1967

Stephen R. Black was born in Grand Mira North to parents Roderick and Ann MacDougall, both of whom were born in Scotland. He worked as a carpenter-contractor in Sydney for most of his adult life but also spent a few years in Boston. Black was remembered as a great Gaelic scholar and vocalist. He was very active in the Scottish Catholic Society of Canada.

Blakeley, Phyllis R.

  • Person
  • 1922-1986

Phyllis R. Blakeley was born in Halifax, N.S., on 2 August 1922, the daughter of Cecil Pearson Blakeley and Clara Amanda McLearn. She received a BA (1942) and MA (1945) from Dalhousie University. She taught briefly at Alexandra School in Halifax and joined the staff of the Public Archives of Nova Scotia as a research assistant in 1945. She served as Assistant Provincial Archivist, 1959-1977; Associate Provincial Archivist, 1977-1981; and Provincial Archivist, 1982-1985. She received an honourary LLD from Dalhousie University in 1977, was a member of the Order of Canada (1978) and a Fellow of the Royal Nova Scotia Historical Society (1979). She wrote extensively under her own name, as well as under her early pseudonym, Ruth Blake. Phyllis Blakeley died in Halifax on 25 October 1986.

Boardmore, Elizabeth

  • Person
  • 1940-2004

Elizabeth Anne 'Liz' (MacDonald) Boardmore was born in Sheet Harbour, Nova Scotia in 1940. Liz was educated and trained as a teacher at the Provincial Normal College, Truro, and at St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish. After graduation, Liz taught at Duncan MacMillan High School in Sheet Harbour, where she met Harry Boardmore in the 1960s. Liz and Harry married and came to Sydney in 1966 to teach at Xavier Junior College, later UCCB. The original plan was to come to the Junior College for two years and then be transferred to Antigonish, but Harry said, "there was something in the air... and we hated to leave." Liz and Harry established the Xavier College Drama Society and early productions and drama festivals took place on the top floor of the Lyceum in Sydney, which became the Xavier College Theatre. The productions America Hurrah! (1969) and The Serpent (1970) were particularly well received at both provincial and Dominion Drama festivals. When the new College of Cape Breton campus opened in 1979, the drama society and theatre moved to its new permanent home at the Playhouse. In 1990, it was renamed the Boardmore Playhouse in honour of Liz and Harry Boardmore, for their unwavering dedication to the development of community theatre in Cape Breton. Liz was a professor of English at UCCB for 28 years and she was much loved by her many students. Her enthusiasm and passion for theatre and education was always evident. She was recognized for her work with a Cultural Life Award (1993) from the Cultural Federations of Nova Scotia and with award from the Association of Teachers of English, Nova Scotia. Elizabeth Boardmore passed away on Sunday, February 15th, 2004 at the age of 64.

Boardmore, Harry

  • Person
  • 1931-2013

Harry Boardmore grew up in Longton, Staffordshire in the English Black Country. His initial interest in acting and drama was born out of trips to the local cinema with his grandmother as a child. In the 1950s, he attended the College of St. Mark and St. John in London where he pursued studies in speech and drama preparing for a career as a teacher. In the 1960s, Harry made his way across the Atlantic to Canada; he began teaching at Duncan MacMillan High School in the rural eastern shore community of Sheet Harbour, which is where he met Elizabeth 'Liz' MacDonald. Harry and Liz married and moved to Sydney to teach at Xavier College in 1966. The original plan was to come to the Junior College for two years and then be transferred to Antigonish, but Harry said, "there was something in the air... and we hated to leave." Liz and Harry established the Xavier College Drama Society and early productions and drama festivals took place on the top floor of the Lyceum in Sydney, which became the Xavier College Theatre. When the new College of Cape Breton campus opened in 1979, the drama society and theatre moved to its new permanent home at the Playhouse. In 1990, it was renamed the Boardmore Playhouse in honour of Liz and Harry Boardmore, for their unwavering dedication to the development of community theatre in Cape Breton. Harry was a faculty member at the University College of Cape Breton, teaching English and overseeing theatrical productions. He directed 64 plays during his tenure, and was credited for bringing contemporary and experimental theatre and voices to the stage. Harry Boardmore passed away in Bolivia in April of 2013 at the age of 82.

Bown, Matilda

  • Person
  • 1827-1910

Matilda Bown was born in 1827 in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Bown taught art and painting in North Sydney. She spent a considerable amount of time on Sable Island and she became very interested in its natural history. Bown died 12 October 1910 at North Sydney.

Boyd, Angus Joseph (A.J.)

  • Person
  • 10-05-1854 - 1938

Angus Joseph (A.J.) Boyd was born in River Bourgeois, Richmond County, Cape Breton on May 10th, 1854. He married Mary Fraser in 1882 and together they raised ten children. In 1882 he opened the general store A.J. Boyd, General Sales, which he continued to run until his death in 1938. The store was later managed by his son, and remained a family operation until its closure in 1975.

In addition to running a successful business, he was appointed as the Indian Affairs Superintendent for the Guysborough, Pictou, Antigonish, Richmond, Inverness, Victoria and Cape Breton Counties on May 14th, 1907. There is documentation that supports that he held this position until the mid-1920s. It is possible that Morrison’s General Store operated as a Canadian federal Department of Indian Affairs depot, under Superintendent Angus J. Boyd. There is also evidence indicating a retail relationship between the Department of Indian Affairs and the Morrison's General Store. More research is required to establish the historical relationship between the Department, Boyd and Morrison’s Stores Ltd.

Boyle, Dougald Robert

  • Person
  • 1847-1914

Dougald Robert Boyle was born 10 September 1847 at Glenora Falls, Nova Scotia, the son of Scottish immigrants. He took his first teaching position at Port Hood ca. 1868 and later taught at West Arichat. Boyle married Mary Anne Tyrrell in 1872 and the couple had eleven children. Following teaching, Boyle was appointed Fishery Officer and Stipendiary Magistrate for Richmond County. He held these positions until 1911. Boyle was also active in community affairs, such a pressing for the Lennox Passage Bridge, improvements at Petit de Grat and for a rail line running between MacIntyre's Lake and Arichat. Boyle died in 1914.

Bray, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1932 - 2013-06-26

Thomas Bray was born in Port Morien, 1932. He graduated from St. Anne’s High School, Glace Bay. He furthered his education at Xavier Junior College and the Nova Scotia Teacher’s College in Truro. He attended additional courses at St. Mary’s University, Dalhousie University, the University of the West Indies in Jamaica, and at University of new Brunswich earned three degrees (B.A., B.Ed., and M.Ed.). He met his wife Karen at UNB.

After high school he spent some time working for The Royal Bank of Canada before pursuing degrees in Education. He then taught for 32 years at Donkin Morien High School.

Brodie, Douglas Neil

  • Person
  • 1872-1960

Douglas Neil Brodie was born on 15 January 1872 at Halifax, Nova Scotia, the son of Neil MacNeil and Margaret (Carroll) Brodie. He received his early education at the Halifax Academy. In 1901 he married May, the daughter of alderman D.H. Campbell. In 1900 Brodie moved to Glace Bay, Nova Scotia where he established a printing shop. Brodie later became a director of the Glace Bay Credit Union, served as a Corporal in the 63rd Rifles, and was elected to the Legislative Assembly for Cape Breton East as a member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), 1941-1945. He died at Glace Bay on 14 September 1954.

Bryden, Fr. John James

  • Person
  • 1881-1948

Author, John James Bryden was born in at the very end of the Highlands Road in Rear Christmas Island. His great-grandfather was Thomas Bryden, an English soldier and aristocrat who converted to Catholicism while serving in Spain. Disinherited for converting, Thomas emigrated to Cape Breton where he settled and established a mill. Fr. John James himself operated the mill before commencing his studies.
Fr. Bryden didn't go to Montreal. Instead, he became the first seminarian from the Diocese of Antigonish to complete his studies in Halifax. He was parish priest in many places but spent the most time posted in Grand Mira and finally, Mabou where he died in 1948.

Bryson, Ken A.

  • Person

Dr. Ken Bryson is a Professor Emeritus at Cape Breton University. He received his B.A. from Saint Patrick’s College, Ottawa; his B.Ph from Saint Paul University, Ottawa; his M.A. from the University of Ottawa; his L.Ph from Saint Paul University, and his Ph.D. from the University of Ottawa. He is Editor of Philosophy and Religion sub-series at Rodopi (Brill Publishers).

Burchell, David M.

  • Person
  • 1901-1907

David M. Burchell was the first mayor of the town of Glace Bay in 1901. He remained in office until 1907.

Calder, Alvinus

  • Person
  • 1892-1975

Dr. Alvinus Calder was born on the Island of Grenada in 1892. He opened his medical practice in Sydney in 1920 and in 1938 bought the property known as "Calderwood" on Kings Road. He died in Sydney in 1975.

Cameron, Daniel

  • Person
  • 1915-1916

Daniel Cameron was the mayor of the Town of Glace Bay from 1915 to 1916.

Cameron, Hugh

  • Person
  • 1836-1918

Hugh Cameron was born at Antigonish, Nova Scotia in 1836. He practiced medicine in Mabou for many years and represented Inverness County in the House of Commons from 1869-1872 and 1882-1896, and in the Nova Scotia Legislature from 1879-1882.

Cameron, John Allan

  • Person
  • 1938-2006

John Allan Cameron was born in Glencoe Station, Inverness County, in 1938, a nephew of the great composer and fiddler, Dan R. MacDonald. A graduate of St. F. X. University, he became a professional musician in 1968 and his career has brought him international acclaim.

Campbell, Andrew D.

  • Person
  • 1890-1942

Judge Andrew D. "Hump" Campbell was born at Red Islands, Nova Scotia, in 1890. His family moved to Reserve Mines when he was young. He was a lawyer, a juvenile court judge, and a popular sports figure in Cape Breton. He died in 1942.

Campbell, Angus

  • Person
  • 1815-c1900

Angus Campbell was born in Benbecula, Scotland. At the age of 18 he immigrated to the Salmon River area of Grand Mira parish. He was a well-known and respected musician and bard whose songs, for the most part, have not been published. His songs "Creach na Samhna" (The Halloween Raid)and Oran a'Mhathain (The Bear Song) can be found in the book Gaelic Songs in Nova Scotia.

Campbell, Finlay

  • Person

Finlay Campbell was severely wounded in WWI, became a world renowned singer, famous throughout Europe. He studied Gaelic and violin with Malcolm Gillis, Margaree. Eulogy of Malcolm Gillis and the religious life of the people of Margaree.

Campbell, John

  • Person
  • 1876-1964

John Campbell was born into a farming family in Boularderie. His parents were Malcolm and Christy MacAuley. John operated a store at Boularderie before moving into Sydney where he operated a successful business. John was an Elder and caretaker of St. Andrew's United Church. He was well-known as a fine Gaelic singer, translator of hymns and composer of the song Marbhrann, a lament for the death of his wife Annie (née Buchanan) in 1939. His skills as a translator earned him first prize in Hymn translation at the Vancouver Mod in 1947. Some of his translations as well as his Marbhrann appear in a pamphlet published in 1947.
Campbell's daughter, Mae Campbell Cameron (1906-2005) was head of the Cape Breton Gaelic Chorale and deeply involved in the Gaelic scene in Sydney.

Campbell, Joseph

  • Person

Joseph Campbell was a Big Pond farmer, Justice of the Peace, and county councillor. He died in 1973.

Campbell, Malcolm

  • Person
  • 1812-19-

Malcolm Campbell was the son of Michael Campbell and the grandson of Neil Campbell. He was a crofter/fisherman who lived on the island of Mingulay, south of Barra. His aunt, Jane (Campbell) MacNeil emigrated to Cape Breton in 1822 and settled at Boisdale. was recorded on the census of 1901 as being 80 years old.

Campbell, Peter J. MacKenzie

  • Person
  • 1898-1985

Peter J. MacKenzie Campbell was born in Johnstown, Nova Scotia on 3 March 1898. He was the son of James P. and Mary Jessie (MacKenzie) Campbell. He attended local schools and later attended St. Francis Xavier University. He was employed for many years with the Cape Breton branch of the Co-operative Wholesale Services. He helped organize and was the first president of Johnstown Credit Union. He was president of the Nova Scotia Co-operative Union, director of the Sydney Credit Union, and director of the Co-operative Union of Canada. In 1975, Campbell was presented with a service award by St. Francis Xavier University Extension Department, and was granted an honorary Doctor of Laws, also by St. Francis Xavier. He was a third degree member of the Sydney KOC and a member of Sacred Heart Parish. He was a well known author, especially on Scottish heritage and Cape Breton history. He died on 8 December 1985.

Carey, John

  • Person

John Carey was a teacher and the first town clerk of Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia. He was later manager of the Greener Mine.

Cash, Colin

  • Person
  • 1849-1934

Colin Cash was born on 23 November 1849, the son of Thomas Cash. He married and had twelve children: Joseph, Mary M., Roderick, Sarah, Margaret, Lizzie, Annie, Catherine, Peter, Thomas, Ambrose, and Mary M. Cash and his family resided at Irish Cove, N.S. where he was a carriage maker, blacksmith, and a miller. Cash died on 3 January 1934.

Catriona Iain Ruaidh

  • Person
  • c1840-c1910

Catherine MacNeil, also known as Catrìona Iain Ruaidh or Catrìona Bean Ruairidh, was a well-known bard who lived in the far eastern part of the Highlands, Rear Christmas Island. Catherine's father was born in South Uist and came to Cape Breton in 1822. She married Iain Ruairidh "Gilleonan" MacNeil and settled near the foot of Eskasoni Mountain in Rear Christmas Island. The couple remained childless and their life was supposedly difficult, being so far from neighbours. Catherine would later spend considerable lengths of time living with the MacLean family in Rear Christmas Island. Catherine MacNeil was illiterate but Mrs. MacLean states that she insisted in integrity of her songs being preserved by anyone who wished to sing them.

Chirgwin, William L.

  • Person

A native of England, William Chirgwin (1882-1963) came to North Sydney in 1901. He served in the Army, Navy and Merchant Marine in World War I, and the Merchant Marine in World War II. Though he never published a book, he wrote many articles on the history of the Northside area. Miscellaneous papers covering a variety of topics.

Clare, Sister Rita (Sister St. Clare Maureen)

  • Person
  • 1933-2017

Sister Rita (Sister St. Clare Maureen) CND Clare was the eldest child of Donald and Mayme (Briand) Clare and grew up in Sydney, N.S.. She showed an interest in music from a young age and took private piano lessons as a child. Sister Rita continued her musical education while attending St. Joseph's School and then Holy Angels High where she was a choir member under the direction of Sister Mary Frederick. After her studies at St. Francis Xavier University, Sr. Rita received her diploma from the Royal Conservatory of Music. Between 1965 and 1969, she also received a BSc in Music and Music Education and MA in Music and Music Education from Columbia University. She continued her studies in voice and music at Westminster Choir College in Princeton, New Jersey, the Saratoga Potsdam Choral Institute, New York, and the Voice Care Network, Collegeville, Minnesota.

She entered the Congregation in Montreal in 1952, returning to the Maritimes following her profession. She served in Mabou, Inverness, Antigonish, Newcastle, NB and Holy Angels Convent, Sydney. As a member of the Congregation of Notre-Dame (CND), Sister Rita Clare dedicated her life to service in the form of education and arts promotion and advocacy. For most of her professional career, she was an outstanding educator and administrator in Music and Fine Arts with the Cape Breton Victoria Regional School Board. Sr. Rita Clare is well-known for her role as director of the Holy Angels Chorale, Cape Breton Youth Choir and was founder and director of the Cape Breton Chorale. Under her leadership, the Cape Breton Chorale has been recognized nationally and internationally for its artistic excellence.

In 1972, Sr. Rita was named Woman of the Year by the Professional Women's Club of Sydney and in 1985 she was made an honorary citizen of Sydney. A few years later, she was recognized by the Province of Nova Scotia for her work during the Canada Games and in 1991, Sr. Rita Clare was awarded the degree of Doctor of Letters Honoris Causa from the University College of Cape Breton (now Cape Breton University). This honourary degree identified Sr. Rita as a "leader in the Arts in Cape Breton and a foremost promoter of music education in Nova Scotia." Through the years, Sister Rita Clare has been recognized by various levels of government for her commitment to excellence and the cultural life of her community. In 2005, Sister Rita Clare was presented with the Jubilate Award of Merit presented by the Canadian Music Educators Association in recognition of significant contribution to Music Education in Canada.

Sister Rita Clare died May 30, 2017 in Sydney, Nova Scotia.

Clark, Bruce A.

  • Person
  • 1982-1988

Bruce A. Clarke was the mayor of the Town of Glace Bay from 1982 until 1988.

Coleman, James Thomas

  • Person

James Thomas Coleman was raised by his grandmother, Catherine Coleman, in the Klondyke Hotel. Mr. Coleman retained ownership of the building after Mr. McKay died.

Coronelli, Vincenzo

  • Person
  • 1650-1718

Coronelli was a 17th century cartographer and globe maker based in Venice. In 1678 Coronelli was commissioned to make his first major globes. He also published maps and atlases including the "Atlante Veneto". Coronelli was also based in Paris between 1681 and 1683 as official map maker to King Louis XIV. Coronelli founded the world’s first geographical society, the Academia Cosmografica degli Argonauti and was awarded the official title Cosmographer of the Republic of Venice.

Cremo, Lee

  • Person
  • 1938-1999

Born on December 30, 1938 to Simon Cremo and Annie Cremo in Barra head, Cape Breton. A Mi’kmaq community which is now called Potlotek. At age 4, he moved to Eskasoni, and that’s where he spent most of his life with his wife Nelly Cremo and two children, Liz Cremo and Timothy Cremo. As a young child, he would listen to his father play, an accomplished fiddler, who later taught lee to play the fiddle at the age of 7. His talent wasn’t revealed till the age of 18, at the time him and “his father were playing for a dance in Boisdale, Lee was playing the guitar accompanying his fathers fiddle. His father took a stroke during at that location and was immediately rushed to the hospital. To save the dance, Lee picked up the fiddle and finished the dance for him”. Over the years from being taught not only his father but by Winston Fitzgerald and Dan Hughie. Lee began his journey, to becoming one of the greatest fiddlers of all time. Cremo made his living in turn as a lumberman in Maine and a bus driver in Eskasoni but he appeared at the fiddling and folk music events across the world. Lee won many competitions and awards throughout his fiddling career. He won the maritime Old Time Fiddling Contest in Dartmouth, NS, six times. A trip to the Grand Master Fiddling Championships in Nashville, which he got an award for ‘ Best Bow Arm In The World’ which is documented in the film Arm of gold (1986). He also performed at events as Expo 67 for Queen Elizabeth ll, and in 1999 the launch of the Aboriginal People’s Television Network. By 1995 he had won over 80 fiddle competitions and released The Champion Returns which was voted The Best First Nations recording at the 1996 East Coast Music Awards. Lee Cremo died on October 10, 1999 at the age of 60.

Croak, John Bernard

  • Person
  • 1892-1918

Private John Bernard Croak was born in Newfoundland to James and Cecilia Croak in 1892. The family later moved to Glace Bay, where Croak attended school and later worked in the mines. In 1914, he went to Western Canada and on his way home volunteered for overseas service. He was killed in 1918 in action during the attack on Amiens Defence System that merited him the Victoria Cross.

Crowdis, Edward

  • Person
  • 1894-1978

Edward Crowdis was born in Baddeck on March 26, 1894, to Henry and Annie (Clarke) Crowdis. He enlisted for the First World War on January 25, 1916 in Sydney, and went on to serve in the 106th Overseas Battalion until he was discharged on April 12, 1919. Upon his return, Edward married Christine McPherson of Cape North and the two lived in Sydney until his death in 1978.

Currie, Michael D.

  • Person
  • 1854-1936

Michael D. Currie was a school-teacher, tradition-bearer and bard. He was married to Mary Ann MacDonald of Grand Mira and had eight children, one of whom, Lauchlin, was also a bard, producing many songs in both Gaelic and English. We can glean from his letter to the Casket (MG 6.3) that it was very important to Michael D. that pioneer Gaels be portrayed as sober, industrious individuals who overcame hardship to build a better life for themselves that that which they had left in Scotland. It may have been Michael D.'s need to "set the record straight" which incited him to produce a regular column in Teachdaire nan Gaidheal detailing immigrant Gaels trials and tribulations. He also wrote articles on Scottish history and prose in both Gaelic and English, which appeared in Teachdaire nan Gaidheal and Am Mosgladh.
Michael D. was the son of "Red Donald" and Christie Ann Currie (née Currie). His paternal grandfather had emigrated from Loch Carnan in South Uist. His maternal great-grandfather, Michael, was the son of Niall who with his family, immigrated to the Boisdale are in the 1820s. Niall's father, Lachlann, along with his brother Iain, were well-known and respected bards. Before emigrating, Lachlann read a testimony before the Gaelic Scoiety of London in which he listed his patronymic back eighteen generations through his father, Niall (the last hereditary bard to be patronized in Scotland) to Muireadhach Albannach, who came from Ireland in the 13th century to serve as bard to the Lords of the Isles. The Curries are also sometimes referred to as MacMhuirich or MacVurich. Lachlann and Iain both later removed to Blackett's Lake.

Currie, Michael Neil

  • Person
  • 1894-11-05 to 1973-01-27

Michael Neil Currie was born in Reserve Mines on November 5th, 1894. In 1905, at age 11, he began working at No. 5 Coal Mine, Reserves Mines. When the mine closed in 1910 he joined a group of workers who hitch hiked their way west to work the harvest. In 1915 he joined the Canadian Army and served in France and Belgium as a stretcher bearer for the Medical Corps.; he was awarded the military medal for Bravery on the Battlefield. On February 7, 1919 he was Honorably Discharged to recover from injuries obtained during battle. In 1920 he returned to work at No. 5 Colliery until it closed; he then moved to work at No. 10 Colliery, both located in Reserve Mines. Beginning August 14, 1942 he served as a Veteran in WWII. He was discharged from that post on September 14, 1944. Between WWI and WWII he settled in Reserve Mines with his wife, Mae Finnell; together they had 8 children. In 1948 he transferred to Dominion Coal Company #25 Gardiner Mine. When this closed in 1956 he retired and was awarded a pension at the age of 63. Michael Neil Currie passed away on January 27, 1973, at the age of 78.

Dawson, George Mercer

  • Person
  • 1849-1901

George Mercer Dawson was born in Pictou and lived in Nova Scotia. In 1868–69 Dawson attended McGill College. He next attended the Royal School of Mines in London, England. The school was organized and staffed by the Geological Survey of Great Britain to promote along scientific lines the development of the mineral wealth of Britain and its colonies. Dawson gained intensive training there in, natural history, palaeontology, chemistry, mining and metallurgy, and applied mechanics, from some of the best authorities in these fields. In the summer of 1872 he contracted with several businessmen to assay coal and iron ores in Nova Scotia and taught chemistry at Morrin College, Quebec. When a position became available on the Geological Survey of Canada that year Dawson served as naturalist and geologist on the international boundary survey from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, becoming assistant director in 1883. In geology and geography Dawson offered an outstanding contribution to the primary task of mapping and naming surface features in complex terrain. He included systematic ethnological inventories in his geological surveys, intending his reports on native peoples to advise government in the formulation of policy. His Sketches of the past and present condition of the Indians of Canada (1879) surveyed the distribution and declining numbers of aboriginal peoples in the light of the apparent inevitability of political dominion in the west by European Canadians.

Day, Angus Cyprian

  • Person
  • 1893-1974

Angus Cyprian Day was born at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, in 1893. He was married to Hilda Day. Following employment with various Cape Breton coal mines, he joined the staff of the Municipality of the County of Cape Breton where he served as clerk-treasurer until retirement in 1968. He was state treasurer of the Knights of Columbus and served with the Catholic Charities Association and the Cape Breton Mental Health Centre. Day was also an avid genealogist who researched Nova Scotian families. He was Justice of the Peace for Cape Breton County from 1936 until his death in 1974.

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