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Authority record

Cape Breton Highlanders

  • 1871-

The Cape Breton Highlanders have a long and proud history of serving Canada dating back to their initial formation in 1871 as the Victoria Provisional Battalion of Infantry. Authorized on October 13, 1871, the unit consisted of four companies from Baddeck, Middle River, and Grand Narrows that was led by Captain William Bingham. The unit would receive several name changes and by 1900 was known as the 94th Victoria Regiment “Argyll Highlanders.”
With the outbreak of war in 1914, men of the 94th were placed on active duty around Cape Breton. In 1915, Captain Allison Borden raised the 85th Battalion, Nova Scotia Highlanders later followed by the 185th Battalion, Cape Breton Highlanders as well as the 193rd and 219th battalions. The 185th did not see direct action during the was as they were part of the 5th Canadian Division which was primarily reserves. Many men of the battalion would transfer out to fight with many going into the 85th (Nova Scotia Highlanders).
Following the war in 1920, the Cape Breton Highlanders perpetuated the 85th, 185th and 94th as a reserve battalion. In 1931 with approval from King George V, the Cape Breton Highlanders were designated as a non-permanent active militia and allied with the Cheshire Regiment of the British Army. In 1932, unit headquarters was moved from Baddeck to Sydney and in 1937, new companies were established: HQ Company (Sydney), A Company (Baddeck), B Company (Sydney), C Company (New Waterford), and D Company (Glace Bay).
Once again, the Cape Breton Highlanders were called to active service in 1939 with war in Europe. The unit spent time training in Canada between various locations before being sent overseas to England in 1941 where they would train until November 1943 when the unit would be sent into Italy to begin combat. The Cape Breton Highlanders served in Italy between November 1943 and March 1945 as part of the 5th Canadian Armoured Division in the 11th Infantry Brigade alongside the Perth Regiment of Canada and the Irish Regiment of Canada. The unit saw intense fighting throughout the Italian Campaign and saw action at locations such as Ortona, Arielli River (“Valley of Death”), Cassino, Melfa River, Montecchio, and Coriano Ridge among others. In March 1945, the unit began moving towards Holland where they would spend the remained of the war and conclude the fighting with the battle at Delfzijl from April 30 to May 4, 1945. The Cape Breton Highlanders remained in Holland until being returned to Canada in January 1945.
The Cape Breton Highlanders unit was officially demobilized in February 1945 and assumed the title of The 2nd (Reserve) Battalion. In 1954, the unit was amalgamated with other Nova Scotia units and renamed the 2nd Battalion, Nova Scotia Highlanders with the named adapted to 2nd Battalion Nova Scotia Highlanders (Cape Breton) in 1955. The unit would also receive new colours in 1959.
In modern times, The Cape Breton Highlanders served in the war in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014. In 2011, the unit saw their true name, The Cape Breton Highlanders, restored. The unit received new colours in October 2021 as part of celebrations for their 150th anniversary and saw Afghanistan added to their battle honours.

Cape Breton Ski Club

  • Corporate body
  • 1940-present

The Sydney Ski Club was founded in 1940 by a group of interested skiers at Sydney, Nova Scotia, with Gordon Naish as its first president. In the late 1940s the group discovered a new ski area at Barrachois, which lead the group to change its name to the Cape Breton Ski Club. In 1969 the Club acquired property at Ben Eoin, and move its operations there. The Club remains in operation.

Carey, John

  • Person

John Carey was a teacher and the first town clerk of Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia. He was later manager of the Greener Mine.

Cash, Colin

  • Person
  • 1849-1934

Colin Cash was born on 23 November 1849, the son of Thomas Cash. He married and had twelve children: Joseph, Mary M., Roderick, Sarah, Margaret, Lizzie, Annie, Catherine, Peter, Thomas, Ambrose, and Mary M. Cash and his family resided at Irish Cove, N.S. where he was a carriage maker, blacksmith, and a miller. Cash died on 3 January 1934.

Castle Players of Society

  • Corporate body
  • 1985-2007

The Castle Players Society was formed in January 1986 to promote and organize a theatrical retelling of some of the legends relating to Moxham’s Castle and the Moxham Family. The University College of Cape Breton, Cape Breton Development Corporation, and the Federal Youth Employment provided the seed funding with the hope that this would be an annual seasonal production for local and vacationing public.

Catholic Mutual Benefit Association

  • Corporate body
  • 1891 - 1933

The C.M.B.A. was organized at Niagara Falls, NY, July 3, 1876, with a membership of 25. The Grand Council of C.M.B.A. of Canada was organized at Windsor, Ontario, on February 10, 1880.

Catriona Iain Ruaidh

  • Person
  • c1840-c1910

Catherine MacNeil, also known as Catrìona Iain Ruaidh or Catrìona Bean Ruairidh, was a well-known bard who lived in the far eastern part of the Highlands, Rear Christmas Island. Catherine's father was born in South Uist and came to Cape Breton in 1822. She married Iain Ruairidh "Gilleonan" MacNeil and settled near the foot of Eskasoni Mountain in Rear Christmas Island. The couple remained childless and their life was supposedly difficult, being so far from neighbours. Catherine would later spend considerable lengths of time living with the MacLean family in Rear Christmas Island. Catherine MacNeil was illiterate but Mrs. MacLean states that she insisted in integrity of her songs being preserved by anyone who wished to sing them.

Centre Bras d'Or

  • Cape Breton
  • Corporate body
  • 1985-1993

Centre Bras d'Or Association was formed to develop in Cape Breton an environment in which artists, craftspeople, performers, critics, scholars and others could exchange all aspects of their work with one another, with the community at large and with visitors so as to reveal and enhance the natural strengths and the diversity of environment landscape, cultural heritage and creativity for the Island to the cultural and economic benefit of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Centre Bras d'Or was inspired by the example of the Banff Centre which brings artists of various disciplines together in a physically beautiful setting. Initially, they set out to seize public attention by mounting an ambitious summer festival of the Arts: 14 days of music, literary readings, weaving, exhibits, dance & theater. The first Festival attracted 4200 people. The vigor and vision of the founding group has brought the Centre a remarkable range of support ranging from Gov't of Canada (Canada Council), Dept. of Employment & Communications, DEVCO, Gov't of Nova Scotia (Dept. of Culture & Development) as well as major national firms and local organizations.

Chernin, Shirley

  • 1927-

Shirley Rebecca Chernin (nee Wolfson), volunteer and community leader, was born in Sydney, Nova Scotia on October 23, 1927 to Abraham and Bessie Wolfson. Upon completing a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Toronto in 1947, Chernin returned to Cape Breton, where she married Joseph Chernin (1924-2001) of Glace Bay. Chernin resided in Glace Bay for fifty-two years, becoming an influential member of both the Jewish community and the community at large.

A member of the Canadian Hadassah-WIZO since 1948, Chernin has served as President of the Hadassah-WIZO Cape Breton Council and as the National Executive, Regional Chairperson. Chernin also co-convened the Hadassah-WIZO Bazaar throughout its successful forty-two year span.

Playing an integral role in preserving and highlighting the history of Glace Bay's Jewish community, Chernin served as chair of the six-person volunteer planning committee for the Kum A Haym (Home Coming) in 2001. A celebration of the Congregation Sons of Israel's 100th anniversary, the event attracted more than 500 Jewish people from across North America and from as far away as the United Kingdom.

A founding member, chairperson, and participant of the Citizens Service League in Glace Bay from 1967 to 1998, Chernin helped establish the many programs implemented through the organization including Meals on Wheels and the Town Day Care Centre. Chernin also served as chairperson and board member of Cape Breton Transition House and founded and chaired Friends of Transition House. Among Chernin's many other board positions include the Gerontology Association of Nova Scotia from 1989-1992, University College of Cape Breton from 1991-1997, and both the Glace Bay Heritage Society and the Glace Bay Community Health Centre in 1999.

Chernin's volunteer and leadership roles have garnered her numerous awards and honours including the Citizens Service League "Community Service Award" in 1979, the "Community Involvement Award" presented by the Congregation Sons of Israel in 1985, the Federal Government's "Canada 125th Anniversary Medal" in 1992, the Business and Professional Women's Club's "Woman of the Year" in 1994, the Order of Nova Scotia in 2002, and the Board Excellence Award from Transition House in 2005.

Chernin has two children, daughter Marta and son Mark. She currently resides in Sydney, Nova Scotia,

Chirgwin, William L.

  • Person

A native of England, William Chirgwin (1882-1963) came to North Sydney in 1901. He served in the Army, Navy and Merchant Marine in World War I, and the Merchant Marine in World War II. Though he never published a book, he wrote many articles on the history of the Northside area. Miscellaneous papers covering a variety of topics.

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