Showing 1594 results

Authority record

Jefferys, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1695-1771

Thomas Jefferys was an accomplished cartographer and engraver. Jefferys apprenticed to Emmanuel Bowen and engraved many maps found in the popular "Gentleman's Magazine". He contributed well known maps to "The American Atlas", and many of these maps continued to be published and republished by the Sayer and Bennet firm after his death.

Dawson, George Mercer

  • Person
  • 1849-1901

George Mercer Dawson was born in Pictou and lived in Nova Scotia. In 1868–69 Dawson attended McGill College. He next attended the Royal School of Mines in London, England. The school was organized and staffed by the Geological Survey of Great Britain to promote along scientific lines the development of the mineral wealth of Britain and its colonies. Dawson gained intensive training there in, natural history, palaeontology, chemistry, mining and metallurgy, and applied mechanics, from some of the best authorities in these fields. In the summer of 1872 he contracted with several businessmen to assay coal and iron ores in Nova Scotia and taught chemistry at Morrin College, Quebec. When a position became available on the Geological Survey of Canada that year Dawson served as naturalist and geologist on the international boundary survey from Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, becoming assistant director in 1883. In geology and geography Dawson offered an outstanding contribution to the primary task of mapping and naming surface features in complex terrain. He included systematic ethnological inventories in his geological surveys, intending his reports on native peoples to advise government in the formulation of policy. His Sketches of the past and present condition of the Indians of Canada (1879) surveyed the distribution and declining numbers of aboriginal peoples in the light of the apparent inevitability of political dominion in the west by European Canadians.

Laet, Johannes de

  • Person
  • 1581-1649

De Laet was born in Antwerp and worked as a merchant and trader. He devoted his spare time to compiling and publishing "The History of the New World" which includes early representations of Nova Scotia. De Laet died in December 1649 while in The Hague.

Zatta, Antonio

  • Person
  • 1775-1797

Antonio Zatta was a prominent Italian map publisher of the late 18th and early 19th century. His firm, based in Venice, produced maps that mark an important transition from 18th to 19th century cartographic styles. He updates and redefines the traditional title cartouche by replacing the mythic elements common to the 17th and 18th century with more representative images. His most important work is the four volume Atlante novissim.

Lynch, John George Brooks

  • Person
  • 1885-1973

John George Brooks Lynch was born in 1885 at Almonte, Ont. In 1909 he married a Miss Butler and the couple had four children: John, Dennis, Betty and Maurice. He later remarried to Betty MacAskill. Lynch and his second wife had two children: Kevin and George. In 1906 Lynch graduated from McGill University medical school and was appointed to the medical staff of Dominion Iron and Steel Company in Sydney, N.S. around 1909. Lynch died in 1973.

Maddin, James William

  • Person
  • 1874-1961

James William Maddin was born at Westville, Nova Scotia in 1874. Maddin attended Pictou Academy. He apprenticed and worked as a journeyman machinist for the Intercolonial Coal and Mining Company. He later earned a law degree from Dalhousie University and established a law practice at Sydney, Nova Scotia, specializing in criminal law. Maddin married Maude MacDonald and the couple had five children: Warrena, Agnes, Olive, Jean and William-Langile. During World War I he served with the 185th Battalion, earning the rank of major. He served as a Member of Parliament, representing Cape Breton South and later appointed Stipendary Magistrate. Maddin died in 1961.

Hay, Alexander Lauder

  • Person
  • ca. 1887-1939

Alexander Lauder Hay was born in Scotland, circa 1887. He emigrated to Glace Bay, Nova Scotia in 1900. For several years Hay worked in local coal mines, before enrolling in a Pittsburg institute where he earned a degree in mining engineering. Hay returned to Nova Scotia and worked as a mining engineer for the British Empire Steel Corporation and Dominion Steel and Coal Company. He also wrote several books on mining. Hay died in 1939.

MacKenzie, Harold W.

  • Person
  • 1895-

Harold W. MacKenzie (known usually as Harry) was born at Beaverton, Ontario in 1895. Between 1902 and 1913 he attended public schools at Beaverton. In 1913 he joined a survey crew in Cornwall. In 1916 MacKenzie joined the army and served with the 1st Battalion of the Canadian Royal Troops in France during World War I. Following the war he was employed working on the Welland Canal until 1925 when he removed to the Maritimes where he supervised the dredging of numerous harbours, building of the Dartmouth Ferry Docks, and other construction projects. In 1951 he was appointed Resident Engineer for the Canso Causeway project. He held this position until 1957, when the navigation lock and swing bridge portion of the project was completed.

Johnston, Roderick A.

  • Person
  • ?-1915

Roderick A. Johnston was a resident of Bridgeport, Nova Scotia. He married Mary Ann Stewart and the couple had at least one child, John Joseph. Johnston was a miner in the Bridgeport area and for a short time he worked in the Harbour Pitt, Little Glace Bay. Johnston died on 1 January 1915.

MacKay, Daniel J.

  • Person
  • ?-1921

Daniel J. MacKay was the son of John and Jane (MacDonald) MacKay of Port Hood, Nova Scotia. He married and had (at least) six children: Josephine, J. Campbell, Elizabeth, Alphonsus, Mary Campbell and Colin. He served as Inverness County Court Clerk and Postmaster from 1901 until his death in 1921.

MacDonald, Donald Cameron

  • Person
  • 1872-1948

Sir Donald Cameron MacDonald, KSG, was born in Mull River in 1872. A barrister by profession, MacDonald served first as treasurer of the county of Inverness until 1910 when he was appointed inspector of customs. In 1928 he was named a Knight of St. Gregory by Pope Pius X1. He was a Gaelic scholar and was active in community affairs, particularly the Knights of Columbus, Red Cross, and Victory Loan drives. MacDonald died in 1948.

MacDonald, John Archy

  • Person

John Archy MacDonald was born at Washabuckt, N.S., the son of Allan and Sarah (MacNeil) MacDonald. He married Mary Agnes MacKinnon and the couple had eleven children: Leonard, Mary, Joseph Allan, Sylvester, Mildred, Hector, Cecilia, Collette, Martin, Leo and Christina. MacDonald operated a general store at Iona, Nova Scotia. During World War I, he served as a Lieutenant in the Canadian Army and prior to the war he served in the local militia. He represented the district of Iona on the Municipal Council of the County of Victoria for many years. In 1929 he removed to Dartmouth and in 1934 to Halifax. MacDonald was a member of the Canadian Martyr's Parish and of the Holy Name Society. He was also Chairman of the Mother's Allowance Commission until his death.

MacIntyre, Archie

  • Person

Archie MacIntyre was born 23 May 1903, the son of Archie and Elizabeth (Wilson) MacIntyre. He married Catherine MacDonald in 1933 and they had at least one child, Joan. MacIntyre was a coal miner and in his retirement did a considerable amount of work educating children about early coal mining conditions.

MacKenzie, Donald J.

  • Person
  • 1895-?

Donald J. MacKenzie was born at Milton, N.S. in 1895. He received his early education in Glace Bay and later at Sydney Academy. He studied medicine at Dalhousie University and graduated in 1918. From 1918 to 1920 he served with the R.C.A.M.C. In 1920 he established a general practice at Louisbourg. In 1921 he received the Rockerfeller International Scholarship and studied at John Hopkins and McGill Universities from 1921-1922. From 1922 to 1926 he taught bacteriology and pathology at Dalhousie University. He was appointed director of the Public Health Laborotory, a position he held from 1926-1962. Throughout his career in was involved in numerous professional organizations, including the Halifax Medical Society and the Royal College of Physicians. He retired to Mira Gut in 1962.

Kitchin, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1719-1784

Thomas Kitchin was an engraver and map-maker from Southwark, England. Kitchin was apprenticed to Emanuel Bowen in 1732 and in 1773 appointed royal hydrographer to King George III. He produced John Elphinstone's map of Scotland (1746), Geographia Scotia (1749), and The Small English Atlas (1749) with Thomas Jefferys. The Large English Atlas (with Bowen 1749–60) was an attempt to cover England at large scale. He produced 170 maps for the London Magazine (1747–83). He died in St Albans in 1784.

Bernard, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1724-1805

Joseph Bernard, marquis de Chabert was a French naval officer, geographer and astronomer. He was commissioned in 1750 to go to North America to correct the maps of the coasts of Acadia, Isle Royale and Newfoundland. It was during this trip that Bernard visited Louisbourg and established an observatory. He documented his findings in the publication "Voyage fait par order du Roi en 1750 et 1751".

van Keulen, Gerard

  • Person
  • 1678–1726

Gerard van Keulen was the son of Johannes van Keulen, a Dutch cartographer who started a publishing and book selling business in 1681. Gerard took over control of the firm in 1714 and continued to add to the company's vast body of cartographic work.

Bayfield, Henry Wolsey

  • Person
  • 1795-1885

Captain Henry Wolsey Bayfield (1795-1885) was born in Kingston Hull, England. At age 11 he entered the Royal Navy. He moved up in rank and served in the Mediterranean, off the coasts of France, Holland, and Spain, in the West Indies, and at Quebec and Halifax before joining the British flotilla on Lake Champlain in October 1814. He became acting lieutenant in Kingston, Upper Canada, on the sloop Star, a vessel employed in the Royal Navy’s surveying service on the Canadian lakes under the command of Captain William Fitz William Owen. Bayfield assisted Owen in the summer of 1816 in the survey of Lake Ontario and the upper St Lawrence from Kingston to the Galop Rapids at Edwardsburg Upper Canada. Bayfield soon became in charge of surveying. Bayfield was promoted commander in 1826. While in England he persuaded the Admiralty that a survey was required of the St Lawrence River and Gulf, to be connected with the chain of surveys from Lake Superior eastward. The Admiralty appointed Bayfield superintendent of the St Lawrence survey in 1827. One of Bayfield’s special concerns was to obtain measurements of the distances between the meridians of Quebec, Halifax, and St John’s. By 1848 Bayfield had surveyed the entire coastline of Prince Edward Island the Northumberland Strait coast of Nova Scotia, and the northeastern extremity of the Gaspé. In the next five years, he concentrated on a survey of Cape Breton Island begun in 1847, the Strait of Canso, Isle Madame, and the Bras d’Or Lake.

Moll, Herman

  • Person
  • 1654-1732

Herman Moll (1654 – 1732) was a map publisher and engraver based in London and Holland. Moll moved to London in 1678 where he worked as an engraver and eventually set-up his own shop. He published several important atlases late in his career. He died in London in 1732.

DesBarres, Joseph Frederick Wallet

  • Person
  • 1729-1824

Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres was born in 1729. Most scholars believe that JFW DesBarres was born in Basle, Switzerland while others argue he was born in Paris. DesBarres died in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1824.
DesBarres held many careers in the Maritimes including engineer and administrator. He served as captain in the Royal American regiment of Foot, and as Surveyor General of NAC. DesBarres did most of his surveying work between 1763 and 1773.He was the Lieutenant Governor of Cape Breton Island and, later, Prince Edward Island and the founder of Sydney, NS. DesBarres is most famously known for his cartography work and as the author of The Atlantic Neptune, published for the use of the Royal Navy of Great Britain.
Designed as an aid to navigation, The Atlantic Neptune is a large collection of charts and views produced by DesBarres. The Neptune was a collaboration between Samuel Holland and DesBarres (although they did not conduct joint surveys or correspond often). The compilation and editing was done by independently by DesBarres. The Neptune is his most widely known accomplishment and made him famous as a hydrographer.

Wyld, James

  • Person
  • 1790-1836

James Wyld (1790-1836) and his son, James Wyld junior, were successful London map publishers. Both had also served as a royal geographer. Wyld senior served as geographer to George IV and William IV. He was a founding member of the Royal Geographical Society. In 1812, James Wyld senior introduced lithography into map printing.

Sartine, Antoine de

  • Person
  • 1729-1801

Antoine de Sartine (1729 – 1801) was born in Barcelona Spain, the son of French financier Antoine Sartine. He studied law in Paris. After graduation he purchased the commission of Criminal Lieutenant of Police and was subsequently ennobled. He was appointed Lieutenant General of Police in 1759. He proved to be a competent and effective city administrator. He earned the 1775 commission of Secretary of State for the Navy and the honorific rank of Minister of State. His influence put the French in a position to aid the American Revolutionaries against the British at the close of the Revolutionary War. It was during his tenure as head of the French Navy that Sartine ordered the creation of numerous updated nautical charts.

Sanson, Nicolas

  • Person
  • 1600-1667

Nicolas Sanson was a French historian and cartographer. Sanson issued the "Postes de France" in 1632 and after publishing several general atlases himself he became the associate of Pierre Mariette, a publisher of prints. In 1692 Hubert Jaillot collected Sanson's maps in an Atlas nouveau.

Brown family

  • Family
  • 1837-

Richard Henry Brown was born 13 November 1837 at London, England, the son of Richard and Sibella Margaret (Barrington) Brown. Brown married Barbara Davison (1842-1898) on 23 November 1864 and the couple had five children: Margaret Sibella, Elizabeth Purves, Annie, Richard Charles, and Lillian Seward. The family resided in Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia where Brown worked as manger of the General Mining Association (later the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Company), and served as the mayor of the town of Sydney Mines. Daughter Margaret (1866-1961) became an artist and served on the directorate of the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design. Richard Charles (1872-1928) studied engineering and worked with his father at the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Company.

Leaver family

  • Family
  • 1773-1881

Peter F. Leaver was born in 1773. On 19 January 1806 he married Esther Jones. The couple resided in the Main-a-Dieu, N.S. area and had (at least) three children: Maria, Caroline Frances (1808-1896) and Elizabeth Sarah (1810-1903). Leaver served as a Justice of the Peace and a school teacher in Main-a-Dieu. He died in 1811.

Horn family

  • Family

Simeon Horn came to Nova Scotia with his widowed mother and family, probably from England, circa. 1802. He settled in the Mira area on Cape Breton Island. The area of land that Horn was granted became known as Hornes Road. On 4 April 1804 he married Mary Noel and the couple had seven children: Samuel Levi, Jane, Mary Ann, Elias, John W., Phillip, and David. Samuel (1805-1877) married Mary LeCrass and the couple had seven children, including Thomas (1882-1976). Thomas married Beatrice Campbell and the couple had five children.

Liscombe family

  • Family
  • 1811-1971

The Liscombe family settled in Cape Breton in the middle of the nineteenth century. Edward Liscombe (1811-1901), a blacksmith, married Margaret Oliver (1816-1898) in 1838; among their family was Francis "Frank" J. (1847-1926) who married Susan Howie. Frank and Susan Liscombe had five children: Harry Oliver, Rebecca Emily, Olive Margaret, Ella Muriel and Francis Gerald. The family was musical and participated in many musical groups.

Gibbons family

  • Family
  • 1734-1943

Richard Gibbons Jr. was born in 1734 at London, England, the son of Richard and Susannah Gibbons. He received his early education in England. The family first immigrated to Virginia and then Halifax, Nova Scotia. Richard Jr. married Susanna Shepard on 10 May 1783 at Halifax. On 14 May 1765 he was admitted as a solicitor of the Court of Chancery for Nova Scotia. On 31 October 1765, Gibbons was named a clerk for the Inferior Court of Common Pleas. In 1770, he was elected to the Legislature for Barrington Township for one year. Between 1777-1781, he was Solicitor General and in 1781 named Attorney General. On 25 July 1784 Gibbons was named Chief Justice for Cape Breton and he and his family moved to the island. Richard Gibbons Jr. died on 3 August 1794 in a prison at Nantes, France. His son, Richard Gibbons III was Attorney General of Cape Breton and a leading lawyer and separatist. The Gibbons family resided largely around Marion Bridge during the twentieth century.

Barrington family

  • Family
  • 1770-1959

Charles Parnell Barrington was born in 1770 in Middlesex, England. He married Elizabeth Hayward Budd and the couple had eleven children: Margaret Sibella, Carter, Harriet, Victoria, Christina, Elizabeth Ann, Olivia Mary, John, Sidney William, Henry and Edwin John Carter. Barrington immigrated to Canada where he joined the militia and was stationed first in Quebec and then Charlottetown, P.E.I. He was finally stationed at Sydney, Nova Scotia, holding the position of Captain of the 7th Battalion of the 60th Rifles of Foot. He settled at Sydney Mines in 1817 and brought his family over from England. Barrington died in 1848. Many of the Barrington children and grandchildren remained in Cape Breton. Yorke Henry Ainsley Barrington, son of Edwin, and his son Yorke Cotrill Barrington, became heavily involved in the founding of the Cape Breton coal industry.

Sydney Trades and Labour Council

  • Corporate body
  • 1908-1923

The Sydney Trades and Labour Council (TLC) was founded in 1908 as a chapter of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada. The organization acted as a forum for discussion and action on issues relating to union politics, wages and working hours; its local chapter membership included iron, steel and tin workers, carpenters, plumbers, mechanics and tailors. The Council's first president was J.R. Martin, M.J. Kelly acted as vice-president and P.M. Draper was the first secretary-treasurer. The Sydney Trades and Labour Council was disbanded by 1923.

Cape Breton Ski Club

  • Corporate body
  • 1940-present

The Sydney Ski Club was founded in 1940 by a group of interested skiers at Sydney, Nova Scotia, with Gordon Naish as its first president. In the late 1940s the group discovered a new ski area at Barrachois, which lead the group to change its name to the Cape Breton Ski Club. In 1969 the Club acquired property at Ben Eoin, and move its operations there. The Club remains in operation.

MacDonald, Michael Malcolm

  • Person
  • 1906-

Rev. Michael Malcolm MacDonald (also known as Mickey Malcolm) was born in 1906 at Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, the son of Dan E. and Effie Ann MacDonald. As a young man, he worked in the coal mines for two years to finance his studies. In 1928 he graduated from St. Francis Xavier University and in 1928 entered Holy Heart seminary in Halifax. He was ordained in 1932 and was appointed assistant priest to Reverend James M. Kiely, Holy Redeemer Parish, and Whitney Pier. While there he became an outspoken supporter of the right of labour to organize in order to combat Communism. In November 1940 he was sent to St. Peter's Parish, South Ingonish as parish priest and remained until December 1948. He was appointed as the first pastor of the newly formed Holy Cross Parish at Caledonia, Glace Bay in 1948 where he remained until his retirement on 1 July 1970. Rev. MacDonald died in 1981.

Canadian Federation of Women. Cape Breton Branch

  • Corporate body
  • 1919-present

The Canadian Federation of Women, a voluntary, non-profit, self-funded bilingual organization of over 100,000 women university graduate, was founded in 1919. CFW members are involved in public affairs, working to raise the social, economic and legal status of women, as well as to improve education, the environment, peace, justice and human rights.

Gastaldi, Giacomo

  • Person
  • 1500-1566

Gastaldi was an Italian cartographer, astronomer and engineer of the 16th century. He began his career as an engineer, and from about 1544 he turned his attention to mapmaking, and his work represents several important turning points in cartographic development.

Bellin, Jacques Nicolas

  • Person
  • 1703-1772

Jacques Nicolas Bellin was appointed hydrographer (chief cartographer) to the French Navy at the age of 18 in 1721. He was eventually named the official hydrographer to King Louis XV. A member of the French intellectual group, the philosophes, Bellin's work was known for intellectual rigour and high quality often copied by other cartographers. His maps set a high standard of production and accuracy and were often copied by other cartographers. During his term in office he was commissioned to carry out major coastal surveys. In 1764 he published the Petit Atlas Maritime in 5 volumes.

Mitchell, Augustus Samuel

  • Person
  • 1792-

Samuel Augustus Mitchell was born in Bristol, Connecticut on March 20, 1792. Mitchell worked on the "New American Atlas" in 1831. The majority of his work involved the creation of individual maps and he was successful in creating pocket sized tourist maps for various locations in the United States.

Dheulland, Guillaume

  • Person
  • 1700-1770

Dheulland was a French 18th century astronomer, map engraver and publisher.

Holland, Samuel

  • Person
  • 1728-1801

Samuel Holland was commissioned as lieutenant in the Royal Americans in 1755 and in1758 he was transferred as assistant, engineer to the expedition against Louisbourg, Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island). Under the command of Brigadier-General James Wolfe, he surveyed the ground adjacent to the fortress, took soundings, prepared plans, and gave engineering advice during Wolfe’s operations against the town. Holland surveyed the St. Lawrence Gulf, the city of Halifax, and Fort Frederick in New Brunswick. In 1759 he was promoted captain and he was active in the siege of Quebec. By 1770, Holland was collaborating with John Frederick Wallet DesBarres in creating maps and conducting hydrographic surveys around Nova Scotia. Some of Holland’s maps and surveys were included in The Atlantic Neptune, compiled and edited by DesBarres in 1774.

Beaton Institute

  • Corporate body
  • 1957-

The Beaton Institute was founded in 1957 as Cape Bretoniana, a cultural heritage archive mandated to preserve the social, economic, political and cultural history of Cape Breton Island. It is the official repository for historically significant records of Cape Breton University.

Kendall, Helen

  • Person
  • 1892-1985

Helen Kendall, the daughter of the late Lieutenant Governor Doctor H. E. Kendall and Ida (Burchell) Kendall, was born in Sydney in 1892. She was a graduate of the Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal and served at that hospital and as a trainer in Romania. During World War 1 and World War 2, Miss Kendall was a Nursing Sister and served overseas. She died at the age of 93 on December 4, 1985.

Abbass, John

  • Person
  • 1923-2007

John Jobe "Johnny" Abbass held the title of president of Abbass Studios. He went on to own and operate Econo Colour camera stores throughout the Maritimes. A prominent businessman and member of the local community, he served as vice president of the Professional Photographers Association of Canada and was involved with the Progressive Conservative Party and the Rotary Club of Sydney. He was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal in 2002 for outstanding contributions to his community. After his retirement from the business, his sons Blaise and John took over the Studios.

Results 307 to 357 of 1594