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            9 Archival description results for Agriculture

            9 results directly related Exclude narrower terms
            CA BI T-2034 · Item · 1982
            Part of Sound and Moving Image Collection

            Biographical Sketch
            Genealogy of the Loch Lomond MacDonald'
            Farming in the early days
            Dominion Coal Company cut lumber at Silver Mine
            Describes the operation, log bridge built across the river
            The log drive to the sawmill...
            Describes the process of hauling logs to the river
            Logs provided lumber for company houses
            Started school at age of 10
            His first teacher, Jessie Morrison
            Far from school, boarded with his aunt...
            Describes the school, how it was heated, the discipline
            Left school after grade 5
            Started working at the Steel Plant, 1926
            During Depression, little work - plant worked 2 days a week
            Women were hired during the War (WW II)
            Work on the farm - what the women did - the day's routine

            Food - fish, how it was preserved
            Making farm implement
            Hay making in the early days
            Dairy proucts - keeping milk cold
            The arrival of cream separators, their care
            His father was postmaster, 1912
            Carried mail to Salmon River, $1 a trip
            Discusses operation of the post office & mail route
            First post office at Loch Lomond
            News papers - Sydney (N.S.) Weekly Post, Family Herald
            Wages at the Steel Plants after the War
            Describes work at the Plant
            United Steel Workers Union didn't get started until after 1941
            The Plant Council...
            Life on the farm - kerosene lamps, wood stoves...
            Water from the well - never frozen because of its depth
            When the mine started, the well went dry
            No social activities in his youth
            Church history - lay preachers in the earliest times
            Present church built in 1910
            United Church at Loch Lomond opened 1929
            The first ministers...
            Dissension and division over the union
            Choir made up of older people
            Prayer meetings held in school once a week
            Gaelic the only language spoken at home; few could repeat it
            His thoughts on Gaelic Today
            He and all his brothers & sisters, born at home, delivered by a midwife, Peggy Currie
            Never felt that his likfe lacked anything
            Discusses food on the farm; potatoes & turnip the only vegetables
            Implements manufactured in the forge
            Four blacksmiths in the area, he gives their names; none today
            Names 3 merchants that were in the area at the time
            Pioneer craftes, processing wool
            Describes his trip to North Uist, his search for information on Malcolm "The Carpnter"
            Describes the Presbyterian Church in Scotland, his impression
            Describes a Gaelic service he attended
            Sunday laws stricty bserved there
            Some more genealogy
            His mother's weaving - she was self taught
            Mary MacLean whom he visited in Scotland
            Reads in Gaelic

            Macdonald, Wilma J.
            CA BI MG 6.76 · Fonds · 1987-1994

            Fonds consists of essays from an annual essay competition at the University College of Cape Breton, advancing research in traditional history, songs, narrative traditions of Gaelic culture. Essays are arranged by year of competition.

            1. 1987/88:
              a. Marilyn Dwyer, "Presenting, The Ancient Tradition of Gaelic Psalm Singing in the Presbyterian Church". Essay includes three tapes with an index. T-3193 (a-b-c)
              b. Kate Dunlay, "Cape Bretoners in Boston: Maintaining Identity".
              c. Donald J. MacNeil, "Cape Breton Folksong Tradition".

            2. 1988/89:
              a. Marilyn Dwyer, "An nì nach cluinn mi an diugh chan aithris mi 'maireach, Eòin MacGilliosa MacFhionghuin (Jonathan Gillies MacKinnon)".
              b. Marilyn MacDonald, "Milling Frolics on the North Shore a Look at the Past, Present, and Future". One video tape is included. FT 41
              c. Winnifred J. MacDonald, "Sang abune a' sang" (Collections, Composers, and Fiddlers). One audio tape is included. T-3194

            3. 1990: Kathleen Dunlay, "The Playing of Traditional Scottish Music: Old and New - World Styles and Practices".

            4. 1991: Jacqueline Ann Dunn,"Tha Blas na Gàidhlig Air A h- Uile Fidhleir". (The Sound of Gaelic is in the Fiddler's Music)

            5. 1992: Jeff MacDonald,"Bràighe na H-Aibhne Iarmad mo Shluaigh" (Life and Times of the Scottish Settlers at St. Mary's Parish, River Denys Area.)

            6. 1993-1994: Margaret Bennett "Gaelic Song in Eastern Canada: Twentieth Century Reflections"

            7. 1994: K. Diane Grant "A Study of the Second Sight in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland and Nova Scotia"

            8. 1994: Rannie Gillis "Celtic Education". Family history and an account of how one would be enculturated and socially educated in the Gaelic culture of Cape Breton.

            9. 1994: Paula Rice "Mary with the Ewe". Agricultural practices in Scotland and pioneer Cape Breton.

            CA BI T-6 · Item · 1963

            File consists of an audio recording of an oral history of early Scottish settlers in the Big Pond area; mentions Mi'kmaq in the East Bay area.

            What were the Bras D'or Mission?
            Early history of the MacIntytres of Big Pond (N.S.)
            The Church of East Bay
            Who was Malcolm MacLellan?
            What do you know about the MacLeods who were among MacLellan's students?
            Why was the East Bay school Started? East Bay school started in 1825...
            What men were prepared for the Seminary?
            What about the Industries of early Cape Breton?
            The schools in Big Pond (N.S.) were attended by sixty pupils in 1862.
            From Big Pond (N.S.) they came to Sydney (N.S.) Academy for grade ten.
            Was East Bay the first parish
            Briefly discuss Parish activities?
            Tell us about the Protestant settlers...
            How did the four Seminarians travel to Rome?
            Was there much traffic on the Bras D'or Lakes in those days?
            Would you care to speak about the Mi'kmaq?
            Where did the early people get the animals - horses, cows, sheep, etc.
            What about food - ammunition?
            Ceilidh in those days was most enjoyable...
            What do you believe of the Bocain
            Do you remember any of the remedies early settlers used

            CA BI T-1020 · Item · 1975
            Part of Sound and Moving Image Collection

            Item is an audio recording of an interview with Annabelle Mackinnon (nee Gillis) of Gillis' Lake.

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle (Prime Brook) A Story of Life in Pioneer Days Agriculture (Part 1)

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Lumbering to bsupply spars for sailing ships

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Grist Mills

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Dye Mills

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Farming - livestock & crops

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Planting potatoes in burnt woods

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Wool industries - sheep shearing

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle French women grew flax

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle How leather was tanned & its uses

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle A story of Father's MacLeod's boots

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Col. Granger & the Copper mine

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Gaelic speakers & religious education

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Clothing in the pioneer days

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Improvement of crops with coming of commercial fertilizer.

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Story of an agricultural meeting ...

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Dairy products - wooden tubs & butter prints

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle The beginning of Co-operatives

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Farming conditions improved with the start of the Steel Plant

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Barn-raising frolics

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Mary Bevin, a nurse from Man-o-War, delivered babies in Boulardrie area

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Fishing schooners- Fox Island

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Travelling to dances by Ferry

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Fishing lobster through the ice

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Root cellars - how produce was stored

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle The making of soft soap

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Life in the Pioneer Days (cont.) / Priests in Boularderie

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle A farm purchased (200 acres) for $750

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Genealogy of Iain Mor, Boisdale

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Clearing the land - stump fences

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Grist Mill at Malloney's Creek

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Harvesting wheat - threshing and winnowing

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Barley and grinding barley meal

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle How to make cheese

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Preserving butter

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Women's role in the early days

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Shearing sheep...

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Processing wool - carding mills

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Pioneer handicrafts with wool

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Ceilidhs

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Transportation - travelled Big Pond to Boularderie by ice in winter, boats in summer

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Potato crops - the coming of blight & potato bugs

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle How leather was tanned

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Mi'kmaw crafts

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Sea weed and its uses

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle The Government & Sir John A. MacDonald- economic conditions

            MacKinnon, Mrs. Annabelle Pensions in today's society

            MacKinnon, Blaine
            CA BI MG 12.181 · Fonds · 1833-1892

            Papers include correspondence, business receipts, legal documents, and deeds:

            a. Two letters from C.F. Harrington, MLA, Arichat, regarding politics in the area, a legal action taken by Pringle, and a public meeting regarding building a road to Black River, 1841, 1850.
            b. Correspondence regarding debt owed by Hugh McDonald, Big Cove, 1846.
            c. Payment of accounts, sale of cattle, 1860.
            d. Correspondence regarding James Pringle's lawsuit against Chandler, 1867.
            e. Correspondence from Donald McKenzie, teacher in Victoria County, whose salary was 38 pounds per year, 1865.
            f. Correspondence from John V. Flynn, MLA, Halifax re purchase of spring Fife wheat at 7/6 bushel, 1870.
            g. Correspondence from Hart & Ingraham, Port Hawkesbury regarding purchase of leather, 1870.
            h. Correspondence from Tina J. Pringle to her brother George relaying experiences of Cape Bretoners in Boston, 1892.
            i. Bill of goods, sale between James Cochran and Ellen Murray, 1855.
            j. Correspondence regarding interest on account, 1871.
            k. General bill of affairs, from William MacKay to James Pringle, making mention of Captain Wolfe, 1852.
            l. Correspondence, 1842.

            a. Business receipts of James Pringle, 1833-1874. Some material does not contain discernable dates.
            b. Accounts of James Pringle with John McLean, 1845-1861.
            c. Accounts of James Pringle, 1865-1866.
            d. Account of McDonald Murray with James Pringle, 1843-1857.
            e. Account of sales of cattle, sheep and butter to Mr. James Pringle, 1859.
            f. Account of James Pringle with M.J.T. MacNeil, River Bourgeois, 1877-1880.

            a. Warrant sworn out for arrest of Duncan Murray for theft of violin from James Pringle, 1863.
            b. Notice of public meeting of the ratepayers, Section 23, Richmond County for the purpose of electing trustees, 1864.

            a. Agreement between the Province of Nova Scotia and James Pringle for road repair between his farm and that of William Urquharts, 1854. Includes envelope.
            b. Statement regarding the settlement of debt of Dougald Cameron “Dougaldson” to James Pringle, 1863.
            c. Indenture between James Pringle and Robert Hill of Black River, Esquire Executor of the last will and testament of John Ross of Scot’s River, St. George’s Channel, 1864.
            d. Draft of Indenture between James and Sarah Pringle to their son, James Jr., for land at St. George’s Channel, 1865.

            Pringle, James
            CA BI T-2051 · Item · 1982
            Part of Sound and Moving Image Collection

            His people came from North Uist Angus "Mor" MacDonald & his friends prepared for a year to emigrate

            The people who "drove" them out

            People who came: MacLeods, Morrisons, MacKinnons, Beatons

            His grandfather's family - 10 children, 2 born here

            His grandmother told him stories of Scotland

            They sailed from Loch Maddy on "The Commerce", weeks & 6 days on the journey

            Half the group went to West Bay, the rest stayed at Irish Cove - finally all moved to Loch Lomond area

            How they acquired stock - oxen, horses, cattle

            Many brands - songs were never published

            His experiences going west on the "Harvest" trains

            Wages & working conditions

            Describes different types of work in the lumber camps

            The pioneers' religion

            Log churches - snow blew in between the logs

            Church services, precenting

            Social life - ceilidhs, milling frolics,

            Milling songs - the best singers were in Loch Lomond

            Weddings - the "drive" after the marriage, as many as 100 wagons

            One of the songs they sang during the drive - "Cha bhi mi buan 's tu bhi buan"

            Sings a chorus of the song

            Macdonald, Norman
            CA BI T-1109 · Item
            Part of Sound and Moving Image Collection

            Item is an interview with Mrs. Sandy Beaton of Glenville, Inverness Co., N.S.

            Biographical sketch
            Received religious education in Gaelic
            Schools attended
            Life in the dorm at Mabou convent
            Fr. Kenneth MacDonald...
            Life on the farm in the early days - womens role
            Genealogy of her husband, "Curly" Sandy Beaton
            Malcolm MacLellan, teacher - some family history
            Social life in the community...
            "Domhnall Iain an Taillear" Beaton - one of the early fiddlers
            Milling frolics
            Dancing teachers
            The coal mines at Mabou harbour
            Fishing industry
            Gypsum plant
            Changes over the years, decline in farming
            Changes in religion
            Her husband was in the milk business

            Maclellan, Malcolm A.
            Opening Speech at Banquet
            MG 21.37-A-2-2 · Item · [19-]
            Part of Dr. C. Lamont MacMillan Fonds

            Item consists of Dr. MacMillan giving the opening speech at a banquet in Victoria County. He welcomed the Minister of Agriculture as well as visitors from other parts if the province. In his speech, he mentions the importance of agriculture and farmers.

            CA BI T-7 · Item · 1963
            Part of Sound and Moving Image Collection

            Item is available for streaming: T-7 Side 1 [] and T-7 Side 2 [].

            Farming history of the Kennedy's in Cape Breton - mills, food, farming, fishing - harvesting - use of the sickle.
            Where did they get the cattle
            Wages - prices of sheep, etc.
            Modes of travel - Wagons Horseback
            Women smarter than they are now - he thought
            Weddings - gay times (Social Life)
            A funny story about tailoring in those times
            Liquor - cheap and used for medicines
            Tobacco - even old women smoked clay pipes
            We went to Maine...
            Firecrackers - Never seen before their trip to Maine
            Tell us ho wyou made the bricks...
            Schools - Often teachers taught in homes
            What about taxes? How did settlers make money?
            Were you ever ill? What did you eat?