Cultures and Ethnicities



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Cultures and Ethnicities

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Cultures and Ethnicities

89 Archival description results for Cultures and Ethnicities

Air Force Training

Item is a photograph of three men in Air Force training. Pictured left to right: Johnny Paruch; others unidentified.

Angus J. MacDonald, Big Glen, N.S

Biographical Sketch
Genealogy of the Loch Lomond MacDonald'
Farming in the early days
Dominion Coal Company cut lumber at Silver Mine
Describes the operation, log bridge built across the river
The log drive to the sawmill...
Describes the process of hauling logs to the river
Logs provided lumber for company houses
Started school at age of 10
His first teacher, Jessie Morrison
Far from school, boarded with his aunt...
Describes the school, how it was heated, the discipline
Left school after grade 5
Started working at the Steel Plant, 1926
During Depression, little work - plant worked 2 days a week
Women were hired during the War (WW II)
Work on the farm - what the women did - the day's routine

Food - fish, how it was preserved
Making farm implement
Hay making in the early days
Dairy proucts - keeping milk cold
The arrival of cream separators, their care
His father was postmaster, 1912
Carried mail to Salmon River, $1 a trip
Discusses operation of the post office & mail route
First post office at Loch Lomond
News papers - Sydney (N.S.) Weekly Post, Family Herald
Wages at the Steel Plants after the War
Describes work at the Plant
United Steel Workers Union didn't get started until after 1941
The Plant Council...
Life on the farm - kerosene lamps, wood stoves...
Water from the well - never frozen because of its depth
When the mine started, the well went dry
No social activities in his youth
Church history - lay preachers in the earliest times
Present church built in 1910
United Church at Loch Lomond opened 1929
The first ministers...
Dissension and division over the union
Choir made up of older people
Prayer meetings held in school once a week
Gaelic the only language spoken at home; few could repeat it
His thoughts on Gaelic Today
He and all his brothers & sisters, born at home, delivered by a midwife, Peggy Currie
Never felt that his likfe lacked anything
Discusses food on the farm; potatoes & turnip the only vegetables
Implements manufactured in the forge
Four blacksmiths in the area, he gives their names; none today
Names 3 merchants that were in the area at the time
Pioneer craftes, processing wool
Describes his trip to North Uist, his search for information on Malcolm "The Carpnter"
Describes the Presbyterian Church in Scotland, his impression
Describes a Gaelic service he attended
Sunday laws stricty bserved there
Some more genealogy
His mother's weaving - she was self taught
Mary MacLean whom he visited in Scotland
Reads in Gaelic

Macdonald, Wilma J.


Item is a photograph of Stella Paruch in her parents' backyard on Webster Street.

Backyard Scene

Item is a photograph of Ted Mroz and John J. Paruch in the backyard of the Paruch home on Bay Street.

Banquet Polish Hall Return Vets

Item is a photograph of a returned Vets banquet at the Polish Hall. Seated: Alonso Jockmack, unidentified, Peter Durkacz, Frances Durkacz, Casmir Durkacz, unidentified, unidentified. Standing: Mary Gura, unidentified, Mary Durkacz, unidentified, unidentified, Mrs. Miecznik, Julia Jockmack, Helen Blazey.

Banquet Polish Hall Return Vets

Item is a photograph of a returned Vets banquet at the Polish Hall. L to R: Stella Paruch, Mary Burke Paruch, Mickey Paruch, unidentified, Mrs. Daca. Back from L to R: Unidentified, Charlie Malinowski, Father O'Connell, Mary Durkacz (standing), unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, unidentified, Stanley Mayich.

Baptism [?]

Item is a photograph of members of the Mroz family at a baptism. Pictured left to right: Brian Mroz, Margie Mroz, Stella Mroz Paruch, Father Joe Mroz; others unidentified; in front: Janice Mroz (nee Brufatto), Carolanne Mroz, and Nicole Mroz.

Biographical sketch of Hugh MacKenzie

  • T-3
  • Item
  • 1963

File consists of an audio recording; mentions first contact between Mi'kmaq and Gaelic settlers.

Brief biographical sketch of Hugh MacKenzie and his contributions to Cape-Bretoniana and Mr. MacKenzie is interviewed by Cathleen MacKinnon

Hugh MacKenzie: Early history of Christmas Island (N.S.), MacNeils vs. Mi'kmaq, Scottish Immigrants to C.B. Brought only bare essentials with them, Funiture and Clothing in the early days

Early method for making dye

Recipe for making soap

Faill iu faillin ho ro eile - Milling song

Recipe for making tea. Early settlers made tea from herbs and roots

Medical care - sick and elderly were cared for by relative and neighbors

His prayers were answered ... Anecdote

Difficulty getting food...

Mi'kmaw with scalping knife...

Dat's me father

Schools scholars in the days...

Asthma and sore throat cure

Superstitious practises

Meeting the red haired woman means bad luck for the rest of the day

The black cat superstition...

Discussion on second-sight

I feel a heavy weight on my back...

Second-sight story

Stop here a minute...something is going to happen right here

I saw my brother's funeral...

Hallowe'en customs/B. New Year with rhymes

Reiteach - matchmaking

Brief sketch of MacKenzie family...

The ship "Harmony"

The Scottish pioneers were ingenious

Oran and amadan bhoidheach...Song-lament tells of a man who mistakenly shoots his sweetheart

MacNeil Boating Songs (Kishmul Castle)

Gu bheil angille dubh-dhonn

Oran an t-saighdear - Soldier laments his second induction into the army

Tha mi fo lean dubh 's mi m'onair composed by Bard William Ross

Song lament

Tha mo glean air au Chieetan [SIC]

Tha mise fo mhulad 's an am...

Mary's Dream

O nach till thu ruinn a rithis...Jacobite song

Soraidh leibh 's oidhche mhath liebh

Thanks Hugh MacKenzie

Bras d'Or Lime Co. Ltd.

  • MG 14.85
  • Fonds
  • 1889-1915

Two ledgers for 1889-1900 and 1889-1915. Records indicate that an interpreter was employed at the quarry to communicate with the immigrant miners who were of Polish, Hungarian, Russian, Yugoslavian (Croatian) and Greek descent. See MB 40.

Cabot Trail

Item is a photograph of Stella Paruch and Mary Kulinicz on the Cabot Trail.


Item is a photograph of members of the Paruch family at a christening. Pictured left to right: Stella (Mroz) Paruch, Maria Paruch Young, Stella (Breski) Paruch, and unknown.

Christmas Photo

Item is a photograph of a child with Santa Claus. Pictured left to right: both unidentified.

Clippings from the Stornoway Gazette

Articles include:

“Uisdein MacGhilleasbaig Chléirich” about the treacherous nephew of Donald Gorm MacDonald in the 16th century.
“An Righ agus an Ciobair” a folktale.
The Irish Famine.
A mystery ship
Train service in Scotland
Folklore of Kintyre
Calendar customs
A comical conversation between the “Red Cat” and “Peigi”
The Poetry of Fr. Allan MacDonald
A comical conversation between the “Red Cat” and “Peigi” corncerning Gaels’ impression of non-Gaels.
The New Year tradition of A’Challain. Reprinted from Teachdaire nan Gaidheal, 1829.
A comical conversation between the “Red Cat” and “Peigi” The Brahan Seer, Coinneach Odhar.
A response to a letter sent in 1848 to a Gaelic periodical, in which a man expresses concern regarding women’s fashions,
Highladn regiments fighting in WWI and WWII.
The folktale “Na Tri Fainneachan”
Wise Fool tales of Gilleasbuig Aotrom
The loss of self-sustenance in the Highlands
Concerning the Glasgow and other Fairs.
A letter to the editor from a man in the Highlands complaining about women’s behaviour and the cost of living going up.
Educational reform in Scotland.
An man who lived in Oban’s school log book.
The Massacre of Glencoe
Biblical stories
The Crofter’s Commission Report
A Gaelic textbook used in Harris
Gaelic poets
The life and works of Gaelic scholar, Ewen MacLachlan

Currie, Michael D. fonds

  • MG 6.3
  • Fonds
  • 1928

Fonds consists of reproductions of a letter and reply to The Casket regarding an article, "Early Days in Cape Breton" with special reference to the Gaels, criticizing the way in which they were portrayed in the article.

Currie, Michael D.

Day on the Cabot Trail

Item is a photograph of members of the Paruch family at St. Ann's Lookoff on the Cabot Trail. Pictured left to right: Stella Paruch, Mary Paruch Enderly, Ed Paruch, and Josephine Paruch Shirola.

Elizabeth Beaton-Planetta fonds

  • MG 12.198
  • Fonds
  • 1900-2005

Fonds consists of papers that reflect Elizabeth Beaton's work at the Beaton Institute and personal academic research. The materials included cover a wide variety of topics concerning Cape Breton history, especially ethnicity. Beaton's work contains extensive research on Whitney Pier's West Indian and Ukrainian population.

Beaton, Elizabeth Dr.

Family Event

Item is a photograph of Paruch family at a family event. Pictured left to right: Betty Paruch (Mader), Richard Paruch, and grand-daughter Marin Day.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of Paruch family in yard of home on Bay Street. Pictured left to right: Richie Paruch, Judy Paruch, Stella Paruch (nee Breski), Carol Paruch, and Charlotte Paruch.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of members of the Paruch in Stella (Breski) Paruch's home. Pictured left to right: Stella (Mroz) Paruch, Eddie Paruch, Stella (Breski) Paruch, and Mary Paruch Enderle.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of members of the Mroz and Paruch family in front of a home on Webster Street. Pictured from left to right: Joseph Mroz, Caroline Mroz, Catherine Mroz (nee Juscur), and Richard Paruch.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of Maria Paruch, dressed in Polish costume, in Kenny Paruch's home.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of family members in Kenny Paruch's home. Pictured left to right: Stella Paruch, Brett Campbell, Maria Paruch, and Mae Mollins.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of Stella Paruch holding her granddaughter Maria Paruch in Stella's home on Bay Street.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of the Paruch and Mroz family in a yard on Webster Street. Pictured left to right: Josef Mroz, Catherine Mroz, John J. Paruch., Teddy Mroz, and Stella Paruch.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of three children in front of a garage on Bay Street. Pictured left to right: Kenny Paruch, Colette Starzomski, and Rosalie Starzomski.

Family Photo

Item is a photograph of Eddie Melski and John J. Paruch. in front of a home on Bay Street. (Stella Paruch pictured in window)

First Irish Grammar

  • G144
  • Item
  • 1919

Item is an introduction to the grammar of Irish Gaelic.

Float in Sydney’s 150th Anniversary Parade

  • 82-955-7655
  • Item
  • 1935

Item is a photograph of Polish float in Sydney’s 150th anniversary parade, taken in 1935. The float features fifteen girls, with one as a Polish queen and the rest as her attendants. The queen is identified as Jennie Kieć. The bottom row is identified, from left to right, as Mary Wludyka, Minnie Paruch, Louise Kiec, and Sophie Borak. The second row is identified, from left to right, as Mary Gniewek, Julia Gniewek, Annie Ardelli, Francis Zagorski, Sophie Blazy, and Elsie Gniewek. The third row is identified, from left to right, as Helen Kokoska, Mary Durkacz, Mary Kokoska, and Mary Miecznik.

Group Photo

Item is a photograph of four men on wagon. Pictured second from left: Johnny Paruch; others unidentified.

Group Photo

Item is a photograph of Johnny Paruch with a group of unidentified women.

Guth na nGaidheal

  • G126
  • Item
  • 1916

Item is magazine published bi-annually by the Gaelic League of London.

Inside Backyard

Item is a photograph of Richard Paruch in the backyard of the Paruch home on Bay Street.

James "Jim Hughie" MacNeil fonds

  • MG 6.37
  • Fonds
  • 1936-1955

Fonds consists of:

  • papers including correspondence with D.D. MacFarlane, Joseph D. MacKinnon and Fr. Angus MacNeil pertaining to MacNeil, MacSween and MacFarlane genealogies and to Gaelic songs
  • list of members of the Caledonian Society, Sydney
  • story entitled "Stephen the Spendthrift"
  • passport photo of Mr. MacNeil [#79-1192-4172]

John Huk Collection

  • MG 21.13
  • Collection
  • 1898-2004

This collection consists of textual records, photographs, sound recordings, publications and artifacts documenting the history and activities of the Ukrainian community in Cape Breton. Within the collection there is a focus on music and dance with over 1 meter of 78 and LP albums of Ukrainian music. Also included is a comprehensive collection of research related to Ukrainian immigration to Cape Breton with records pertaining specifically to the Ukrainian community in Whitney Pier. Personal papers from the Huk family are also included in the collection along with the manuscript and research related to Mr. John Huk's publication Strangers in the Land: The Ukrainian Presence in Cape Breton.

Huk, John

Johnny Allan MacDonald, Loch Lomond

His people came from North Uist Angus "Mor" MacDonald & his friends prepared for a year to emigrate

The people who "drove" them out

People who came: MacLeods, Morrisons, MacKinnons, Beatons

His grandfather's family - 10 children, 2 born here

His grandmother told him stories of Scotland

They sailed from Loch Maddy on "The Commerce", weeks & 6 days on the journey

Half the group went to West Bay, the rest stayed at Irish Cove - finally all moved to Loch Lomond area

How they acquired stock - oxen, horses, cattle

Many brands - songs were never published

His experiences going west on the "Harvest" trains

Wages & working conditions

Describes different types of work in the lumber camps

The pioneers' religion

Log churches - snow blew in between the logs

Church services, precenting

Social life - ceilidhs, milling frolics,

Milling songs - the best singers were in Loch Lomond

Weddings - the "drive" after the marriage, as many as 100 wagons

One of the songs they sang during the drive - "Cha bhi mi buan 's tu bhi buan"

Sings a chorus of the song

Macdonald, Norman

Johnny Paruch's Sisters

Item is a photograph of Johnny Paruch's sisters taken in a portrait studio. Pictured left to right: Josephine Paruch and Mary Paruch

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