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CA BI 78-112-1862 · Item · 1921

Item is a reproduction of a newspaper article about the Universal Negro Improvement Association band on Laurier Street in Whitney Pier. Members are marching in the street with instruments and banners in support of a movement advocating "Africa for the Africans."

Article attached to photograph reads:
The year was 1921. The scene, Laurier street at Whitney Pier, as members of the city's Negro community paraded in support of a movement advocating, (as banners indicate) "Africa for the Africans." The sizable brass band was one of a number organized within the city and residents who were around at that time recall that nobody ever had to march without the accompaniment of plenty of stirring martial music. Also noteworthy is the complete lack of sidewalks and paving. The photograph is from the album of Pier merchant Louis Mendelson. He's the white-shirted young man with the bicycle standing mid-right in the photo."

On reverse: "Year 1921 Mr. Askell Artzell Hunt 14 Brooks St. Sydney C. B." "Sent a copy to Mr. Hunt" "Colin MacDonald was bandmaster of the Universal Negro Improvement Assoc. approximately 20 members in the band. Band operated from 1928 to 1932. There was also a West Indian Band at the Pier Bandmaster Jack McKnight approx. 15 members Deputy Bandmaster Norman Crawford, lasted 2 years.

Rev. England
CA BI 84-158-14258 · Item · 1925

Item is a photograph of Reverend England of St. Cyprian's Anglican Church, Whitney Pier. Rev. England was
West Indian and served a congregation of mainly West Indian Blacks.

CA BI PAM 2549 · Item · 1938

File consists of two issues of "The Black Man: A Monthly Magazine of Negro Thought and Opinion." The magazine was edited by Marcus Garvey, founder and president-general of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (U.N.I.A.), of London, England, and these issues feature transcripts of speeches that were given by Mr. Garvey at Bethel Church, Halifax, and Menelik Hall, Sydney. These speeches outline the work that has been completed by the U.N.I.A..

CA BI 84-01-14101 · Item · ca. 1951

Item is an Abbass Studios photograph of members of the Seymour's Senators, a Sydney Little League team. Identified from left to right are Joe "Whirly" Worrell, Alvin Daniels, Hubert Crawford, Tom Miller, R. Callander, and C. Boucher.

Abbass Studios Ltd.
CA BI 77-892-1026 · Item · 1955

Item is a photograph of the Holy Synod taken at St. Philip's African Orthodox Church in Whitney Pier. Featured from left to right are Alderman Chicks Chisholm, City Solicitor Michael Whally, Unknown, Archbishop W.M.E. Robinson, Mayor Tony Gallagher, Rev. Calder and Rev. F. Francis.

Abbass Studios Ltd.
CA BI PAM 1266 · Item · 1962

Item is a pamphlet that contains the results of a study completed by the Dalhousie University Institute of Public Affairs that examined the population distribution, socio-economic condition, and educability of African Nova Scotians living in the Halifax area in 1959.

CA BI T-76 · Item · 1969

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Sister Margaret Beaton and Mrs. A.C. Day interviewing Mrs. Emily Chapman about her experience in Sydney. Mrs. Chapman speaks about the cause that the Jubilee Singers supported.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Introduction of Mrs. Emily (Kendall) Chapman
  • Where did the Kendalls come from?
  • Where did Dr. Kendall practice medicine?
  • Where did Dr. Kendall study medicine?
  • Did you have an allowance when you were young?
  • Have you any interesting stories about your father's career?
  • What part did you father play in the Bill for Workman's Compensation Act in 1898?
  • Mrs. Chapman gives very interesting stories of her father. She told of many strange incidents.
  • Sick calls made by Dr. Kendall. The hardships of travel to these homes and the poverty of the people when he arrived.
  • Is it true that your father did an amputation on a kitchen table out in the country?
  • Mrs. Day asks about the story of the $5.
  • Your mother must have been a marvellous and charitable woman.
  • She could never have tea because she would have nothing to serve.
  • "A funny story about my father..."
  • Who was your mother?
  • I ave the loveliest memories of my whole life at Crawley's Creek.
  • Tell us about your social life as a young girl.
  • What do you remember of the theatre in Sydney?
  • Who were the Jubilee Singers? They tried to make money to help the Negroes.
  • What was the story of Sir Wilfred Laurier and you?
  • What about local talent?
  • Duke of Kent, interesting story about him.
  • Mrs. Day asks, "Did Dr. Kendall get even a small pension from the city?"
  • "You asked me about the old Orange Hall.."
CA BI PAM 630 · Item · 1972

Item is an October 7, 1972 issue of the Cape Breton Post Weekend Magazine (Vol. 22, No. 41). The issue featured "The Holy Town Will Have To Take Its Halo Down," a story that outlined racial issues in the Nova Scotia town of Antigonish.

Item · 1976

Item is a report that was created by Wilma MacLean with the support of the Sterling Assistance Depot that outlines a history of the Black population of that area and presents information about housing, education, employment, and community organizations (such as the United Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League).

Item · 1980

Item is a report that features information about the Black, Jewish, Newfoundland and Eastern European communities in Whitney Pier. The report pays special attention to issues faced by the Black Quarter, including racism and out-migration, and features population statistics for the years 1961-1980. Part of the report also focuses on the establishment of St. Philip's African Orthodox Church (1921).

Town of New Waterford
CA BI T-2167 · Item · 1981

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of C.J.C.B. Radio "Talk Back" announcer Norris Nathanson interviewing Dr. Danny Nathanson on the history of the town of New Waterford.

CA BI FC 2349 N48 B6 · Item · 1983

Item is a book edited by Ted Boutilier that outlines the history of New Waterford, as of its 70th anniversary in 1983. It features information about community institutions, culture, organizations, and recreation, and includes a section titled "The First Black Men to Settle in New Waterford."

The Blacks of Whitney Pier
CA BI T-2083 · File · 1983

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of Vernon Tull being interviewed by Elizabeth Beaton about the Black population in Whitney Pier.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Genealogical sketch
  • Early African Orthodox Church in Cape Breton
  • Religions practised by West Indians before the African Orthodox Church
  • Building Church
  • Archdeacon Phillips
  • Succession of priests and wardens
  • Keeping the records of the church
  • Discussion of architectural changes
  • Discussion of the different features of the Church
  • Financial Support Systems for the Church
  • Musical bands in the community

Side B:

  • War experiences
  • Early people who contributed to community
    i-30- The African Orthodox Church and young people
  • Connection to United Mission
  • Menelik Hall, Dr. Calder
  • Traditional Barbaian music
  • Cricket teams at Whitney Pier pre 1941
  • Traditional foodways
  • William Fitzgerald; owned much property at the Pier
Blacks at Whitney Pier
CA BI T-2104 · File · 1984

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of Neville Gibson, Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford being interviewed by Elizabeth Beaton about the Black population of Whitney Pier.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Biographical information (Neville Gibson)
  • Rev. Phillips founder; White people creating problems for them (Neville Gibson)
  • Problem - St. Cyprians on Henry Street (Neville Gibson)
  • Re-iteration of involvement; Split in Black community (Neville Gibson)
  • The "Brethern" Bible study meetings (Neville Gibson)
  • Land bought by church; Bishop Trotman; History of African Orthodox Church (Neville Gibson)
  • Marcus Garvey; Black Star Line; U.N.I.A. (Neville Gibson)
  • Father lost house; Went to night school (informant); Picnics at Mira; Tennis courts; Menelik Hall (Neville Gibson)
  • Dr. Calder (Neville Gibson)
  • Connection between U.N.I.A. and A.O.C. (Neville Gibson)
  • Cricket Club (Neville Gibson)
  • Marcus Garvey; United Mission; Home and School (Neville Gibson)
  • Discrimination; Black scholarship program; Influence on Stanfield (Neville Gibson)
  • Black Methodist Church (Neville Gibson)
  • Reid Family (Neville Gibson)

Side B:

  • Biographical information; Born 1912; Arthur Stanley Trotman was father (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Robertson from States; One named Jones (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • A.O.C. history; Robertson worked out of church on Henry Street (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Robertson gone by 1924; Trotman had church on Victoria Road; Never a Methodist Church (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Chronology of Priest (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • St. Alban's problems (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Trotman, third bishop of A.O.C. (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Marcus Garvey (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
The Future of Sydney Steel
CA BI T-2258 · Item · ca. 1985

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of a CBC Radio program entitled "The Future of Sydney Steel."

Track listing is as follows:

  • The History of the Sydney Steel Plant, DOSCO threatening to close it on Black Friday 1967
  • History from 1901 to present
  • The working of the plant; Various furnaces
  • The importance of the Plant during World War II investments poured into the plant
  • Hard times before the Union came
  • Establishment of Local 1064
  • 1967 march in Sydney to keep the Steel Plant alive
  • Problems during the 1980s with SYSCO; Many of the mills closed and moved to Upper Canada
West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-372-1012 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-375-1015 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of band members in parade procession during the West Indian Reunion, Whitney Pier.

Informal Religion
CA BI T-559 · Item · 1985

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of a speech presented by Reverend Vincent Waterman at St. Philip's African Orthodox Church to the Friends of Whitney Pier that outlines the history of the Church.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • History of A.O.C. priests, problems, establishment, etc.; Pier not an "ethnic ghetto," Synod in Pier
  • Trained by American Catholic Church, Endich Theological Seminary
  • Commitment to A.O.C.
  • Majority of Blacks belong to either United or Anglican or Catholic Churches
  • More support from whites, negative defeatist attitude in Sydney
  • Need for pride in community
  • Informal religion and A.O.C.
  • Father came in 1940
  • Sunday very important day, always dress up for church

Side B:

  • Christmas preparations, food and customs
  • Sermons based on gospel
  • Holy days
  • Christmas celebrations
  • Women in church
  • Prayers
  • Superstition, preach good behaviours, no African Methodist Episcopalian Churches in Nova Scotia
  • Brought up very strict
  • Awareness of African Heritage
  • Food was very important, West Indian dishes
  • Linguistics, dialects
  • Further from Cuba, mother from Antigua
  • Many left A.O.C.; Very discouraging at times
West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-373-1013 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

CA BI FT 19 · File · 1985

File consists of three videos of the West Indian Reunion Achievement Dinner at St. Alban's Hall, Whitney Pier.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-374-1014 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of a vintage car in the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

Paul MacEwan fonds
CA BI MG 9.30 · Fonds · 1936-1998

Fonds consists of the personal materials of Paul MacEwan, founder and leader of the Cape Breton Labour Party from 1982-1987 and former member of the Nova Scotia Legislature for Cape Breton Nova from 1970-2003. Included is correspondence, subjects files concerning healthcare and agriculture, press releases, and papers related to the New Democratic Party and Cape Breton Labour Party.

MacEwan, Paul
CA BI MG 21.14 · Collection · 1890-2017

Collection consists of records related to Viola Desmond’s 1946 arrest at the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia and her posthumous 2010 free pardon granted by the Government of Nova Scotia. Also included are materials related to Viola Desmond and Wanda Robson’s civil rights work in Nova Scotia, including newspaper clippings and articles, diplomas, certificates, scholarship and bursary documents, a scrapbook and materials related to Robson’s education and published book, Sister to Courage. Included are photographs of the extended Davis family and published books about the Black Nova Scotian experience.

Robson, Wanda Eloise
CA BI MG 12.198 · Fonds · 1900-2005

Fonds consists of papers that reflect Elizabeth Beaton's work at the Beaton Institute and personal academic research. The materials included cover a wide variety of topics concerning Cape Breton history, especially ethnicity. Beaton's work contains extensive research on Whitney Pier's West Indian and Ukrainian population.

Beaton, Elizabeth Dr.
CA BI PAM 1265 · Item

Item is a pamphlet that contains an article outlining research that focused on adult education among Black Nova Scotians, including a pilot program that was initiated in New Road, Nova Scotia. It was written by Gwendolyn V. Shand.

Blacks and West Indians
CA BI T-2199 · Item

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Kay (Morrison) Borden being interviewed by Pam Newton about the Blacks and West Indians of Whitney Pier.

West Indian Blacks
CA BI T-2203 · Item

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Pam Newton interviewing Annabelle Kirton about the West Indian population of Sydney.

City of Sydney collection
CA BI MG 14.27 · Fonds · 1864-

Fonds consists of textual records that were created by the City of Sydney, including city reports, meeting minutes, correspondence, town histories, police reports, and legal documents. Included within the fonds are materials that provide information about Black Nova Scotians living within the city, including voting records, education reports, and town histories.