Collection consists of records related to the Cape Breton Highlanders including documentation spanning a century of service. Various iterations of the unit are included beginning with the 94th Victoria Regiment "Argyll Highlanders," 185th Overseas Battalion Cape Breton Highlanders, Cape Breton Highlanders (World War II), 2nd Battalion, Nova Scotia Highlanders (Cape Breton Highlanders) as well as records of the Cape Breton Highlanders Association. The records focus heavily on activity during World War 2 and post-war service by members of the Association.
Subseries consists of photographs, correspondence, publications, newspaper clippings and maps relating to the celebrations for the 30th anniversary of the Liberation of Italy.
In 1975, two members from each Canadian unit who participated in the Italian campaign during World War II were invited to take part in a official Canadian pilgrimage to places around Italy where veterans would tour former battle sites, war graves, towns and cities. In the case of the Cape Breton Highlanders, Charles "Sharkey" MacDonald and Ralph S. Davies were selected to represent the Highlanders.