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Archival description
Black Nova Scotian Holdings, Audiovisual
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West Indian Reunion, Whitney Pier

  • FT 18
  • Item
  • 1985

File consists of two videos of a gathering at the AOC Churchyard during Whitney Pier's West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Reunion, Whitney Pier

  • FT 19
  • File
  • 1985

File consists of three videos of the West Indian Reunion Achievement Dinner at St. Alban's Hall, Whitney Pier.

West Indian Music

  • T-914
  • Item

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of "I'm Coming up the Rough Side of the Mountain," the theme music for the West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Foodways

  • FT 1 (24)
  • Item
  • 1983

Item is a video of Elizabeth Beaton and Stephanie Inglis interviewing Uri Johnston and Cecilia Coward about West Indian Foodways.

West Indian Blacks

  • T-2203
  • Item

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Pam Newton interviewing Annabelle Kirton about the West Indian population of Sydney.

Town of New Waterford

  • T-2167
  • Item
  • 1981

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of C.J.C.B. Radio "Talk Back" announcer Norris Nathanson interviewing Dr. Danny Nathanson on the history of the town of New Waterford.

The Life of Alvinus Calder

  • T-292
  • Item
  • 1985

Item is a reel to reel audio tape that features a sound recording of Elizabeth Beaton interviewing Carol Calder about Dr. Alvinus Calder.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Dr. Alvinus Calder, his life and diaries; Dr. Calder's papers are anecdote style, written in the third person, thoughts over a long period of time
  • Trip to Moscow, speech delivered on return, Post-Record clippings
  • Family still living in Grenada, his attitudes toward the governments administration of the country
  • His contemporaries - Dr. Young, Dr. Devereaux, Dr. Sandy MacDonald
  • Catholic; Attended St. Mary's Polish Church, good friend of Father O'Connell
  • Known for his public speaking, reference to Mrs. Calder, 3 books are rewrites
  • Dr. Calder, brown 1892, died 1975, lived in Grenada; For one year after graduating from medical school, involved with U.N.I.A.; Reference to St. Alban's, St. Philip's

The History of the Sydney Steel Plant

  • T-2348
  • Item
  • 1989

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Mr. A.T. Rhymes being interviewed by his son, Fulton Rhymes, about the history of the Sydney Steel Plant.

The Future of Sydney Steel

  • T-2258
  • Item
  • ca. 1985

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of a CBC Radio program entitled "The Future of Sydney Steel."

Track listing is as follows:

  • The History of the Sydney Steel Plant, DOSCO threatening to close it on Black Friday 1967
  • History from 1901 to present
  • The working of the plant; Various furnaces
  • The importance of the Plant during World War II investments poured into the plant
  • Hard times before the Union came
  • Establishment of Local 1064
  • 1967 march in Sydney to keep the Steel Plant alive
  • Problems during the 1980s with SYSCO; Many of the mills closed and moved to Upper Canada

The Blacks of Whitney Pier

  • T-2083
  • File
  • 1983

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of Vernon Tull being interviewed by Elizabeth Beaton about the Black population in Whitney Pier.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Genealogical sketch
  • Early African Orthodox Church in Cape Breton
  • Religions practised by West Indians before the African Orthodox Church
  • Building Church
  • Archdeacon Phillips
  • Succession of priests and wardens
  • Keeping the records of the church
  • Discussion of architectural changes
  • Discussion of the different features of the Church
  • Financial Support Systems for the Church
  • Musical bands in the community

Side B:

  • War experiences
  • Early people who contributed to community
    i-30- The African Orthodox Church and young people
  • Connection to United Mission
  • Mendelek Hall, Dr. Calder
  • Traditional Barbaian music
  • Cricket teams at Whitney Pier pre 1941
  • Traditional foodways
  • William Fitzgerald; owned much property at the Pier

The Black Community in Cape Breton

  • T-799
  • Item
  • 1977

Item consists of an audio reel that features a sound recording of C.B.I. Radio's Bill Doyle interviewing Ed Parris about Cape Breton's Black community.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Black culture in Cape Breton; His parents came from Barbados
  • Most blacks in Cape Breton came from West Indies but origin was Africa
  • Discrimination today
  • The African Orthodox Church
  • Close contact kept with relatives in West Indies
  • Ethnic food and music
  • Black culture will get stronger, young people are organizing
  • Intermarriage; His wife is white, no problems
  • The role of the media
  • Parents are influential in the Black community
  • Black United Front
  • George Maxwell, a Black man who spoke Gaelic
  • The television show "Roots" and its affect on Black culture
  • Hidden prejudice, it cannot be proven
  • Discrimination in employment, law

Sydney History and Misc. Topics

  • T-76
  • Item
  • 1969

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Sister Margaret Beaton and Mrs. A.C. Day interviewing Mrs. Emily Chapman about her experience in Sydney. Mrs. Chapman speaks about the cause that the Jubilee Singers supported.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Introduction of Mrs. Emily (Kendall) Chapman
  • Where did the Kendalls come from?
  • Where did Dr. Kendall practice medicine?
  • Where did Dr. Kendall study medicine?
  • Did you have an allowance when you were young?
  • Have you any interesting stories about your father's career?
  • What part did you father play in the Bill for Workman's Compensation Act in 1898?
  • Mrs. Chapman gives very interesting stories of her father. She told of many strange incidents.
  • Sick calls made by Dr. Kendall. The hardships of travel to these homes and the poverty of the people when he arrived.
  • Is it true that your father did an amputation on a kitchen table out in the country?
  • Mrs. Day asks about the story of the $5.
  • Your mother must have been a marvellous and charitable woman.
  • She could never have tea because she would have nothing to serve.
  • "A funny story about my father..."
  • Who was your mother?
  • I ave the loveliest memories of my whole life at Crawley's Creek.
  • Tell us about your social life as a young girl.
  • What do you remember of the theatre in Sydney?
  • Who were the Jubilee Singers? They tried to make money to help the Negroes.
  • What was the story of Sir Wilfred Laurier and you?
  • What about local talent?
  • Duke of Kent, interesting story about him.
  • Mrs. Day asks, "Did Dr. Kendall get even a small pension from the city?"
  • "You asked me about the old Orange Hall.."

Steel Plant Interview with John Mackley

  • T-2346
  • Item
  • 1989

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of John Mackley being interviewed by Fulton Rhymes about the Sydney Steel Plant.

Steel Plant Interview with Blair Caum

  • T-2347
  • Item
  • 1989

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Blair Caum being interviewed by Fulton Rhymes about the Sydney Steel Plant.

Mrs. Mary Best Interview by Toby Morrison

  • T-2191
  • Item
  • 1985

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Mrs. Mary Best being interviewed by Toby Morris about the Ukrainian culture and her marriage to a West Indian man.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Austrian-Hungarian background; Family moved to Sydney in 1930; Ukrainian-Polish neighbourhood, easy to get by without speaking English
  • Nuns were tolerant of problems facing immigrant children; Greek Orthodox went to Holy Ghost Church
  • Ukrainian festive traditions (Easter and Christmas)
  • Father experienced discrimination at open hearth, died in plant accident
  • Importance of education; Went to grade eight
  • Married West Indian, description of West Indian Culture

Side B:

  • Importance of Ukrainian language, taught at Ukrainian Hall; Loss of traditions
  • Job at Tea Gardens
  • All children born at home with a local woman as a midwife, old time remedies, doctors occasionally called
  • Homemade wines, livestock
  • Old people were good neighbours, multi-ethnic neighbourhood
  • Christmas - very holy; Food centre of celebration; Peanuts and walnuts hidden in straw
  • Baptisms were popular celebrations; Parents strict in enforcing Ukrainian language
  • Loss of Ukrainian language, spoken in stores
  • Women expected to get married and raise children
  • Crime was not a problem; no discrimination of prejudice

Interview with Dr. Leo Bertley (UNIA Montreal)

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of of Dr. Leo W. Bertley of the United Negro Improvement Association discussing the organization and its history in Cape Breton.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Came to Cape Breton in 1974 to do research, C.B. U.N.I.A. people involved
  • Thesis to be controlled into book
  • U.N.I.A. not a West Indian organization, people of African descent tied together
  • Marcus Garvey, here on way to England
  • A.O.C. in Pier, Bishop MacGuire, U.N.I.A., tried to make A.O.C. established church of organization
  • Dr. Alvinus Calder, first president of organizations; W.E. Robertson was a later Bishop
  • Phillis Family
  • Sydney had three associations; West Indian and Black characteristics

Side B:

  • Various backgrounds, several different organizations; West Indians importance of education; Dr. Bentley's other interests
  • A.O.C. has only one church in Canada and it's in Whitney Pier, do not want to be called Africans
  • Marcus Garvey stressed the importance of maintaining archives
  • Bentley met Garvey's son

Informal Religion

  • T-559
  • Item
  • 1985

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of a speech presented by Reverend Vincent Waterman at St. Philip's African Orthodox Church to the Friends of Whitney Pier that outlines the history of the Church.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • History of A.O.C. priests, problems, establishment, etc.; Pier not an "ethnic ghetto," Synod in Pier
  • Trained by American Catholic Church, Endich Theological Seminary
  • Commitment to A.O.C.
  • Majority of Blacks belong to either United or Anglican or Catholic Churches
  • More support from whites, negative defeatist attitude in Sydney
  • Need for pride in community
  • Informal religion and A.O.C.
  • Father came in 1940
  • Sunday very important day, always dress up for church

Side B:

  • Christmas preparations, food and customs
  • Sermons based on gospel
  • Holy days
  • Christmas celebrations
  • Women in church
  • Prayers
  • Superstition, preach good behaviours, no African Methodist Episcopalian Churches in Nova Scotia
  • Brought up very strict
  • Awareness of African Heritage
  • Food was very important, West Indian dishes
  • Linguistics, dialects
  • Further from Cuba, mother from Antigua
  • Many left A.O.C.; Very discouraging at times

History of the Black Immigrants in Cape Breton, Social Life, etc.

  • T-351
  • Item
  • 1972

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Mrs. Betty Lynch interviewing Winston Ruck about Cape Breton's Black community.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Biographical sketch
  • Did all Black immigrants who came to C.B. stay?
  • Social life of Black community
  • Genealogical background of Mr. Ruck
  • Ancient Order of Forresters
  • Position in Union
  • Cosmo Club

Ethnic Culture in Industrial Cape Breton

  • T-871
  • File
  • 1977

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of a C.B.I. Radio interview with John Nicholson describing ethnic culture in Industrial Cape Breton.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Ethnic groups in Cape Breton Industrial Area: Why various groups came to the Island
  • Only blacks were recruited...
  • Rural Cape Bretoners came to industrial area for employment
  • Why different ethnic groups settled in specific areas
  • People remain in the old areas because of kinship
  • No hostilities among ethnic groups
  • Importance of Church and Church Hall
  • Problems were caused from outside
  • The role of unionism
  • Intermarriage
  • Role of the church in keeping groups together
  • Two distinct groups of Blacks
  • Compares Cape Breton ethnic groups to the Jewish people going to Israel

Side B:

  • Metropolitan character of Cape Breton ethnic groups
  • Future of these groups depends on economic development
  • Cape Bretoners are interested in their ethnic roots
  • They are different because everyone was allowed to retain their identity
  • Contributions of the ethnic groups to Cape Breton
  • Indians and Pakistanis have no problems settling here
  • Federal policies on multiculturalism
  • Cape Breton is as separate from Nova Scotia as it is from the rest of Canada
  • How ethnic Cape Bretoners see themselves (rarely as Nova Scotians)

Blacks at Whitney Pier

  • T-2104
  • File
  • 1984

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of Neville Gibson, Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford being interviewed by Elizabeth Beaton about the Black population of Whitney Pier.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Biographical information (Neville Gibson)
  • Rev. Phillips founder; White people creating problems for them (Neville Gibson)
  • Problem - St. Cyprians on Henry Street (Neville Gibson)
  • Re-iteration of involvement; Split in Black community (Neville Gibson)
  • The "Brethern" Bible study meetings (Neville Gibson)
  • Land bought by church; Bishop Trotman; History of African Orthodox Church (Neville Gibson)
  • Marcus Garvey; Black Star Line; U.N.I.A. (Neville Gibson)
  • Father lost house; Went to night school (informant); Picnics at Mira; Tennis courts; Menelik Hall (Neville Gibson)
  • Dr. Calder (Neville Gibson)
  • Connection between U.N.I.A. and A.O.C. (Neville Gibson)
  • Cricket Club (Neville Gibson)
  • Marcus Garvey; United Mission; Home and School (Neville Gibson)
  • Discrimination; Black scholarship program; Influence on Stanfield (Neville Gibson)
  • Black Methodist Church (Neville Gibson)
  • Reid Family (Neville Gibson)

Side B:

  • Biographical information; Born 1912; Arthur Stanley Trotman was father (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Robertson from States; One named Jones (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • A.O.C. history; Robertson worked out of church on Henry Street (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Robertson gone by 1924; Trotman had church on Victoria Road; Never a Methodist Church (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Chronology of Priest (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • St. Alban's problems (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Trotman, third bishop of A.O.C. (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Marcus Garvey (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)

Blacks and West Indians

  • T-2199
  • Item

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Kay (Morrison) Borden being interviewed by Pam Newton about the Blacks and West Indians of Whitney Pier.

Black Population of Sydney

  • T-2207
  • Item

Item is an audio reel featuring a sound recording of Pam Newton interviewing Isabelle Waterman about the Black population of Sydney.