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Cape Breton Military
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WW1 Officers in Moxham's Castle

  • 81-854-5934
  • Item
  • 1919

Item is a photograph of four medical personnel officers inside Moxham's Castle, where they were stationed during World War 1 when the castle functioned as a military hospital.

WW1 Military Parade on Charlotte Street, Sydney

  • 82-176-6876
  • Item
  • ca. 1914

Item is a photograph of a military parade that took place on Charlotte Street in Sydney during World War 1. A band is leading a procession down the middle of the road while bystanders view from both sides of the street.

WW1 Military Parade on Charlotte Street, Sydney

  • 82-175-6875
  • Item
  • ca. 1914

Item is a photograph of a military parade that took place on Charlotte Street in Sydney during World War 1. The photo features a large number of uniformed soldiers with rifles marching down the middle of the road with bystanders viewing on both sides of the street.

WW1 C.B.Units

  • Item
  • 1914-1918

Item is of a list of units that recruits from Cape Breton enlisted in during World War 1, from 1914-1918.

W.V. MacKinnon, M.E. Amos, W. Gordon, S.W. Hirtle

  • CA BI 84-88-14188 P511
  • Item
  • 1914-1919

Item is a postcard showing five soldiers of the 25th Battalion of the CEF taken during World War 1. The soldiers are identified on the reverse of the item and are in full uniform.

World War II

Series consists of photographs, unit lists, postcards, the Bay News, and newspapers and newspaper clippings, and a microfilm copy of the Cape Breton Highlanders War Diary from their World War II service.

World War I

Series consists of an original copy of "A Short History & Photographic Record of the Cape Breton Highlanders 185th Overseas Battalion C.E.F," reports, correspondence, a 1915-1916 185th Battalion recruits ledger, casualty forms, nominal rolls for drafts, absentee lists, attestation papers, and reports of the 185th at Witley Camp in England.

Victoria Park and the Army: The First Two Centuries

  • Item
  • 1984

Item is a report titled "Victoria Park and the Army: The First Two Centuries," written by Colonel I.D. MacIntyre. The report focuses on the history of Victoria Park Armories since their formation, and provides information about Cape Breton men who enlisted for service during World War 1.

The Northside Militia - 1800-1950 - With an Emphasis on Sydney Mines

  • Item
  • 10 April, 1990

Item is a report titled "The Northside Militia - 1800-1950 - With an Emphasis on Sydney Mines," written by Cheryl Keagan. The report provides information about the militia composed of men from North Sydney and Sydney that served between the years 1800 and 1950, and includes information about the units in which Sydney Mines militiamen served in during World War 1 and those who stayed at home to protect the island.

The Canadian Gunner, Vol. 13

  • CA BI PAM 1663
  • Item
  • 1977

Item is volume 13 of the Canadian Gunner, which includes an article titled "Remembering Cape Breton's Gunners," by Lt. Peter N. Moogk. The article features a short history of artillery use on Cape Breton Island, including the locations where artillery stations were located.

The Breed of Manly Men: The History of Cape Breton Highlanders

  • CA BI D 768.15 M67
  • Item
  • 1994

Item is a book titled "The Breed of Manly Men: The History of the Cape Breton Highlanders," written by Alex Morrison and Ted Slaney. The book outlines the history of the Cape Breton Highlanders during World War II including mobilization, training, travel overseas and their experiences fighting in Italy and North-West Europe.

The 85th Canadian Infantry Battalion Nova Scotia Highlanders in France and Flanders

  • CA BI UA 601 N6 H3
  • Item
  • 1920

Item is a book titled, "The 85th Canadian Infantry Battalion Nova Scotia Highlanders in France and Flanders," written by Lt. Col. Joseph Hayes, D.S.O., C.A.M.C. It features chapters concerning the following: organization and early training; from Witley Camp to Vimy Ridge; Vimy Ridge; From Vimy Ridge to Passchendaele; From Passchendaele to Amiens Arleux and Fampoux; the tables turned at Amiens; the Scarpe Operation Drocourt-Queant line smashed; Bourlon and Cambrai; Valenciennes; the last battle at the Gates of Mons; sports and pastimes at the front; and the Armistice and the happy homecoming.

Sydney, Nova Scoia and the U-Boat War, 1918

  • Item
  • 1998

Item is a report titled "Sydney, Nova Scotia and the U-Boat War, 1918," which was written by Brian Tennyson and Roger Sarty. The report focuses on actions taken to protect the waters around industrial Cape Breton, and the experiences of servicemen and the citizens who interacted with them.

Standing in stream

  • CA BI 84-122-14222
  • Item
  • 1914-1920

Item is a photograph of Percy Willmot standing in a stream somewhere in Europe during World War 1.

Songs of the 185th Overseas Battalion

  • CA BI PAM 1003
  • Item

Item is a pamphlet containing a collection of wartime songs, some written about the Cape Breton Highlanders. Many of the songs within the pamphlet were written by people from Cape Breton.

Sgt. Charles J. MacLean

  • CA BI MG 15.20
  • Fonds
  • 1932

Fonds consists of the following poem, written on Armistice Day, 1932:

Do You Remember?

I see by the news in this morning's papers
The God of War is again cutting capers.
The nations, we're told, are all ready for battle;
At a drop of a hat the sabers will rattle;
But before we'll enlist, and our knapsacks stow
Let's see what happened just a few years ago.
A prince or a pauper was shot in fourteen.
At that time the blood was just a small stream;
From that to a river, then to a cascade
And for four bloody years not a whit did it fade.
Remember Ypres, that line with a curve?
In that salient plenty died, their country to serve.
And Mons, the battle, that was a retreat!;
Some called it victory, some others defeat.
It was not for us to decide who was right;
We were just there for one thing, and that was to fight
And while in that sector don't forget Sillibeck
Where death stood by and with fingers did beck.
He collected his thousands at bleak St. Eloi;
Passchendale and Kemmel must have filled him with joy.
He gathered his full quota at old Dicie Bouche,
Before, after, and at the end of the push.

Remember Cloth Hall and torn Ypres Square
That you crossed by good luck, or maybe a prayer?
Then Hell Fire Corner was your destination;
Will you ever forget there that field dressing station
That you passed so swiftly, just holding your breath,
For to stop there an instant was almost sure death?
But move farther south and of time make a bridge;
Let's see what happened around Vimy Ridge.
White crosses bear evidence of that awful slaughter;
Why, blood was so plenty, it ran just like water.
And Crucifix Corner, far up on the way
To the saving Victim you had this to say,
"Open wide the Gate of Heaven to us below
Thy aid supply, Thy strength bestow."
Did you forget the fronts ahead of Bruay,
Boveeney, Hersin Compeeniee, and Ester Cushay,
Lens, Arras, Mericourt and Bethune,
Monchy, Carency, not forgetting Bapune?
This was no Gettysburg, nor yet Waterloo,
But a continuous battle, all the way through.
Now, let's stop at Amiens, that city so fair
And ponder awhile on those buried there;
The flower of youth who was so impatient
To lay down his life for his very own nation;
For Democracy to guard, and always to keep.
I don"t know whether to laugh ...... or ......to weep.

Now on to the Somme, and to Courselette; ,
Things happened there you'll never forget.
Remember the town Albert, with just a few people,
And the Virgin bent over the old church steeple?
With outstretched arms she watched you go by
As if praying for those about to die.
And maybe, as they looked far above,
Said, "Touch my spirit, 0 Fountain of love."
After the battle you passed on that street.
There she was, lying down at your feet,
All covered with mud, battered and broken;
A piece in your pocket you took for a token.
Of course you picture with some alarm
The remains of your buddies at Molke's farm.
If your mind is clear and can still bear the load,
Just think of the dead along Sunken Road.
And the sugar refinery that once was so sweet,
Where the flies started on sugar, but ended with meat.
In those battles we thought we were awful good,
But the Yanks did the same down Belleau Wood.
Now down in that sector I am not familiar,
But you can take it from me it was just similar.
With valor and courage they fought Chateau Thiery;
That they won the baltle is still the old theory.
If you ask my opinion no battle is won
With bombs or sabres, cannon or gun;
For it's got to be finished the lame and the blind.
The nerve broken vets, the lame and the blind.

A million lie dead down in Verdun;
They called it a victory and a fight well done.
If that is the case, to that I retort,
"Bring Back my buddies, you take the fort!"
But what's the use of talking and taking your time?
There are as many heroes across on the Rhine;
And in Austria, Russia, and Turkey too;
In Italy, Spain, and down in Peru.
What we were fighting for, excuse the pun,
We were not mad with Austrian, Turk, or Hun.
Just because a prince got rubbed out with some lead
They crippled and maimed and left five million dead.
Now before I finish let me you remind
Of the trenches, the vermin, the gas and the grind;
The funkholes, the sunkholes, the shellholes and craters
Also the liquid fires that were merely crematers.
The lousy dugout, the miner's wet sap,
The listening post by the wire just out at the gap,
Where you lay there and shivered without even a grumble
If you'd anything to shoot at, the chance is you'd fumble.
Do you remember the mud, the muck and the rain -
Number nines from the doctor to cure all your pain?
Just listen to me-war's not what it's painted-
The rations were bad, the water was tainted.
Can't you hear still the scream of the big shells,
As your haIr stood on end and your blood it did jell?
The rattle of machine guns, the crump of the motor,
The cry of the wounded just pleading for water.
What about the coal boxes, the fish tails and stokes
With a number on them for some of the blokes?
The swish of the whiz bang, the moan of the dying
You were there, Buddy, you know I'm not lying.
Now about the wounded still walking our streets;
Maybe to some life is still sweet.
To others life, I know, must be near zero.
Well, what do you expect? You're just a live hero
Don't you remember at the end of the war,
You got a gold medal, and also a bar?
For the others, I mean the ones that are dead
Will give you a requiem of sights, and tears that are shed
By mothers, and sisters, or maybe a wife,
Sweetheart, brother, or dad, bet your life.
So you thought you're a hero! For crying out loud!
Why, you old sap, you're just one of the crowd!
Don't talk war to me; just hold your whist.
Let's stow our knapsacks. What say we enlist?

MacLean, Charles J.

Second Battalion: The Nova Scotia Highlanders (Cape Breton) 1871-1985

  • Item
  • 1985

Item is a report titled "2nd Battalion: The Nova Scotia Highlanders (Cape Breton) 1871-1985," written by Col. I.D. MacIntyre. The report provides information about the history of the Nova Scotia Highlanders, and outlines their contribution during World War 1, including the raising of battalions and the battles in which said battalions participated.

Pre-World War I

Series consists of a photograph of the 94th Victoria Regiment "Argyll Highlanders" and a regimental history of the Cape Breton Highlanders from 1871 to 1947.

"Park Opens"

Item is a photograph clipped from a newspaper of the opening of John Bernard Croak VC Memorial Park.

Old Barracks, Victoria Park

  • CA BI 77-569-703
  • Item
  • ca. 1910

Item is a photograph of the old barracks at Victoria Park, Sydney.

Officers of the 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders)

  • CA BI 77-735-869
  • Item
  • Jul-1918

Item is a photograph of Officers of the 85th Battalion (Nova Scotia Highlanders) taken on the steps of a chateau in Lozinghem, France. The officers are wearing their newly issued kilts. J.A. MacKinnon is identified as the sixth from the left in the second row.

Nova Scotia's Part in the Great War

  • CA BI F 5228.5 H95
  • Item
  • 1920

Item is a book titled, "Nova Scotia's Part in the Great War," by M. Stuart Hunt. The book includes chapters concerning Nova Scotian batteries and battalions, Nova Scotia universities during the War, recruitment and fundraising, and organizations that offered support on the homefront.

Naval Sentry Stanley, Sydney

  • 82-532-7232
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph of a naval sentry guard stationed in Sydney during World War 1. The sentry is identified by his first name, Stanley. He is standing in front of a large house in full uniform with a rifle. Women are visible on the balcony of the house in the background.

Naval Sentry Stanley, Sydney

  • 82-533-7233
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph of a naval sentry guard sentry stationed in Sydney during World War 1. The sentry is identified by his first name, Stanley.

Naval Personnel

  • CA BI 77-410-544
  • Item
  • ca. 1942

Item is a photograph of naval and civilian personnel and the Sydney Harbour defences during WWII.

Naval Personnel

  • CA BI 77-409-543
  • Item
  • ca. 1942

Item is a photograph of naval and civilian personnel and the Sydney Harbour defences during WWII.

Msgr. Donald MacPherson

  • CA BI 77-395-529
  • Item
  • 1916

Item is a photograph of Msgr. Donald MacPherson of Port Hood and Fr. Mulderry of Dublin posed in front of the Great Sphinx of Giza and the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Msgr. Donald MacPherson

  • CA BI 77-396-530
  • Item
  • 1919

Item is a photograph of the 66 Battery, C.F.A. taken in Belgium. Msgr. Donald MacPherson is sitting first row centre.

Moxham's Castle - Once a Proud Structure

  • Item
  • 1993

Item is a report titled "Moxham's Castle - Once a Proud Structure," written by Wanda Walker. It provides a history of the castle, including a brief coverage on the period of time during World War 1 when it was used as a military hospital. Much of the information within the report was gathered from an interview with Gabrielle Walker.

Moxham Castle: The Beaton Institute Holdings

  • Item
  • 2002

Item is a series of notes concerning the Beaton Institute's Holdings related to Moxham Castle. These notes include information about the castle's use as a military hospital during World War 1.

Morrison, Alex C.

  • File

File contains papers related to the life of Alex Campbell Morrison of Sydney, who served during World War 1. Included in the file are clippings featuring an interview with Alex Morrison concerning his days as a soldier, a dispersal certificate for Alex Campbell Morrison, and information about Mr. Morrison being recognized for his military service and the Vimy Ridge assault. The file also contains a photocopy of a list of soldiers at Witley Camp, and letters from Alex Morrison to his father, from Witley Camp, Surrey, England, dated February 22nd, 1917, from Alex Morrison to his mother, written in Witley Camp, dated July 22nd 1917, from Alex Morrison to his mother, written from Witley Camp, dated August 26th, 1917, and from Alex Morrison to his father, written from Aldershot Camp, N.S., dated July 11th, 1916.

Morien Remembers: A Salute to Our Veterans

  • CA BI FC 2349 P67 Z48 2005
  • Item
  • 2005

Item is a book titled "Morien Remembers: A Salute to Our Veterans," by Paulette MacDougall, Diane MacLachlan and LeRoy Peach. The book features biographies and photographs of veterans from Port Morien and area.

Militia History

Item is an audio recording pertaining to Cape Breton's Militia History. The interviewee focuses on the history of the 94th Argyll Highlanders, his experiences during World War 1, and the wartime experiences of fellow Cape Breton serviceman Percival Anderson.

Military Funeral

  • CA BI 80-763-4943
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph showing the first military funeral from Sacred Heart Church during World War 1. Soldiers at arms and part of a marching band on Charlotte Street are pictured.

Military Funeral

  • CA BI 80-765-4945
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph showing the first military funeral from Sacred Heart Church during World War 1. Photo shows a crowd of non-military men, women, and children, likely following the procession.

Military Funeral

  • CA BI 80-762-4942
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph showing the first military funeral from Sacred Heart Church during World War 1. Soldiers and marching band on Charlotte Street and in front of a church are pictured. Photograph appears to have been taken from a second storey building looking out on the street.

Military Funeral

  • CA BI 80-766-4946
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph showing the first military funeral from Sacred Heart Church during World War 1. Photo was taken by an unknown photographer, possibly from the second storey of a building opposite Sacred Heart Church, and shows the large assembly outside Sacred Heart.

Military Funeral

  • CA BI 80-764-4944
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph showing the first military funeral from Sacred Heart Church during World War 1. Photo was taken by an unknown photographer next to an open grave and shows a partially obscured officer standing in the left foreground and a number of soldiers with raised rifles.

"Me & My Ford"

  • CA BI 84-95-14195
  • Item
  • 23 April, 1915

Item is a postcard showing Percy Willmot lying in a carriage on a road during World War 1. A note on the reverse reads: "'Me + My Ford' Very comfy. K[indecipherable] Pk. April 23/15. P."

Mary Belle MacNeill with brother

  • CA BI 92-17-23192
  • Item
  • 1918

Item is a photograph of Mary Belle MacNeill sitting at a table with her brother during World War 1. The photo was likely taken in England.

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