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CA BI 78-112-1862 · Item · 1921

Item is a reproduction of a newspaper article about the Universal Negro Improvement Association band on Laurier Street in Whitney Pier. Members are marching in the street with instruments and banners in support of a movement advocating "Africa for the Africans."

Article attached to photograph reads:
The year was 1921. The scene, Laurier street at Whitney Pier, as members of the city's Negro community paraded in support of a movement advocating, (as banners indicate) "Africa for the Africans." The sizable brass band was one of a number organized within the city and residents who were around at that time recall that nobody ever had to march without the accompaniment of plenty of stirring martial music. Also noteworthy is the complete lack of sidewalks and paving. The photograph is from the album of Pier merchant Louis Mendelson. He's the white-shirted young man with the bicycle standing mid-right in the photo."

On reverse: "Year 1921 Mr. Askell Artzell Hunt 14 Brooks St. Sydney C. B." "Sent a copy to Mr. Hunt" "Colin MacDonald was bandmaster of the Universal Negro Improvement Assoc. approximately 20 members in the band. Band operated from 1928 to 1932. There was also a West Indian Band at the Pier Bandmaster Jack McKnight approx. 15 members Deputy Bandmaster Norman Crawford, lasted 2 years.

Rev. England
CA BI 84-158-14258 · Item · 1925

Item is a photograph of Reverend England of St. Cyprian's Anglican Church, Whitney Pier. Rev. England was
West Indian and served a congregation of mainly West Indian Blacks.

The Nova Scotia Gleaner
CA BI PAM 1605 · Item · 5 October, 1929

Item is a October 5, 1929 issue of the Nova Scotia Gleaner, a monthly newspaper that was published in Sydney, Nova Scotia. This issue of the Gleaner was subtitled "In the Interest of the Coloured People of Nova Scotia," and features an editorial and several pieces that focus on Black persons across Nova Scotia.

Dr. Alvinus Calder
CA BI 83-6312-13612 · Item · ca. 1935

Item is a photograph of Black Nova Scotian doctor Dr. Alvinus Calder standing outdoors at an unknown
location, dressed in suit and tie.

Dr. Alvinus Calder
CA BI 83-6311-13611 · Item · ca. 1935

Item is a photograph of Black Nova Scotian doctor Dr. Alvinus Calder sitting on the stairs to a home, dressed
in a suit and tie.

Dr. Alvinus Calder
CA BI 63-6310-13610 · Item · ca. 1935

Item is a photograph of physician Dr. Alvinus Calder standing next to an unidentified building, dressed in a suit and tie.

CA BI PAM 2549 · Item · 1938

File consists of two issues of "The Black Man: A Monthly Magazine of Negro Thought and Opinion." The magazine was edited by Marcus Garvey, founder and president-general of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (U.N.I.A.), of London, England, and these issues feature transcripts of speeches that were given by Mr. Garvey at Bethel Church, Halifax, and Menelik Hall, Sydney. These speeches outline the work that has been completed by the U.N.I.A..

Boxers
CA BI 86-15-16104C · Item · ca. 1950

Item is a photograph that shows an unidentified black boxer fighting another unidentified boxer at a public
boxing match.

Boxers
CA BI 86-15-16104B · Item · ca. 1950

Item is a photograph that shows an unidentified black boxer fighting another unidentified boxer at a public
boxing match.

Boxer
CA BI 86-15-16104A · Item · ca. 1950

Item is a photographic portrait of an unidentified Black boxer.

Boxers
CA BI 86-15-16104D · Item · ca. 1950

Item is a photograph that shows an unidentified black boxer fighting another unidentified boxer at a public
boxing match.

CA BI 84-01-14101 · Item · ca. 1951

Item is an Abbass Studios photograph of members of the Seymour's Senators, a Sydney Little League team. Identified from left to right are Joe "Whirly" Worrell, Alvin Daniels, Hubert Crawford, Tom Miller, R. Callander, and C. Boucher.

Abbass Studios Ltd.
CA BI 83-133-8433 · Item · ca. 1952

Item is an Abbass Studios photograph of a group of unidentified Black World War 2 servicemen at a banquet. The photo shows the men seated around a table.

CA BI 77-892-1026 · Item · 1955

Item is a photograph of the Holy Synod taken at St. Philip's African Orthodox Church in Whitney Pier. Featured from left to right are Alderman Chicks Chisholm, City Solicitor Michael Whally, Unknown, Archbishop W.M.E. Robinson, Mayor Tony Gallagher, Rev. Calder and Rev. F. Francis.

Abbass Studios Ltd.
CA BI 84-14-16103 · Item · 1 March, 1955

Item is a photograph of the members of the Pride of Sydney Lodge that was published in the Cape Breton Post in March, 1955.

Members are identified as follows: Front row, left to right: Vernal Tull, Evelyne Brathwaite, L.K.; Lucious
Jackson, P.E.R., Grand Organizer; Leonard Arthur, Exalted Ruler; George Ford, L.K.; Harold Kirton, L.K..
Back Row, left to right: Wakefield Harris, Inner Guard; Canon George A. Francis, Chaplain; Harold Best,
Treasurer; Ralph Hedley, Tyler; Henry Marsh, P.E.R.

CA BI BX 9999 A3 TF7 · Item · 1956

Item is a book about the history of the African Orthodox Church written by Rev. A.C. Terry-Thompson, D.D.. The book includes a history of St. Philip's Church, Sydney.

CA BI PAM 1266 · Item · 1962

Item is a pamphlet that contains the results of a study completed by the Dalhousie University Institute of Public Affairs that examined the population distribution, socio-economic condition, and educability of African Nova Scotians living in the Halifax area in 1959.

Alvinus Calder fonds
CA BI MG 12.192 · Fonds · 1962

Fonds consists of of an undated autobiography, a travel-logue of a trip to Moscow in 1962, a letter to the editor of a Grenada newspaper concerning that island's economy, a clipping of a speech that Dr. Calder gave on racial prejudice, and a report of the Medical Committee. The fonds also includes an address given by Dr. Calder to St. Andrew's Brotherhood, Sydney, 1950 about racial prejudice.

Calder, Dr. Alvinus
CA BI T-76 · Item · 1969

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Sister Margaret Beaton and Mrs. A.C. Day interviewing Mrs. Emily Chapman about her experience in Sydney. Mrs. Chapman speaks about the cause that the Jubilee Singers supported.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Introduction of Mrs. Emily (Kendall) Chapman
  • Where did the Kendalls come from?
  • Where did Dr. Kendall practice medicine?
  • Where did Dr. Kendall study medicine?
  • Did you have an allowance when you were young?
  • Have you any interesting stories about your father's career?
  • What part did you father play in the Bill for Workman's Compensation Act in 1898?
  • Mrs. Chapman gives very interesting stories of her father. She told of many strange incidents.
  • Sick calls made by Dr. Kendall. The hardships of travel to these homes and the poverty of the people when he arrived.
  • Is it true that your father did an amputation on a kitchen table out in the country?
  • Mrs. Day asks about the story of the $5.
  • Your mother must have been a marvellous and charitable woman.
  • She could never have tea because she would have nothing to serve.
  • "A funny story about my father..."
  • Who was your mother?
  • I ave the loveliest memories of my whole life at Crawley's Creek.
  • Tell us about your social life as a young girl.
  • What do you remember of the theatre in Sydney?
  • Who were the Jubilee Singers? They tried to make money to help the Negroes.
  • What was the story of Sir Wilfred Laurier and you?
  • What about local talent?
  • Duke of Kent, interesting story about him.
  • Mrs. Day asks, "Did Dr. Kendall get even a small pension from the city?"
  • "You asked me about the old Orange Hall.."
CA BI F 5221 N4 C43 · Item · 1970

Item is a copy of Nova Scotian Blacks: An Historical and Structural Overview by Donald H. Clairmont (Dalhousie University) and Dennis W. Magill (University of Toronto). The study focuses on the issues of poverty and marginalization among Nova Scotian Blacks.

CA BI T-351 · Item · 1972

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Mrs. Betty Lynch interviewing Winston Ruck about Cape Breton's Black community.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Biographical sketch
  • Did all Black immigrants who came to C.B. stay?
  • Social life of Black community
  • Genealogical background of Mr. Ruck
  • Ancient Order of Forresters
  • Position in Union
  • Cosmo Club
CA BI PAM 630 · Item · 1972

Item is an October 7, 1972 issue of the Cape Breton Post Weekend Magazine (Vol. 22, No. 41). The issue featured "The Holy Town Will Have To Take Its Halo Down," a story that outlined racial issues in the Nova Scotia town of Antigonish.

CA BI PAM 2012 · Item · 1974

Item is a pamphlet that features illustrated biographies of influential Black Nova Scotian individuals and groups, including Colonel Stephen Bluck, William Hall, Sam Langford and the Maroons.

Item · 1976

Item is a report that was created by Wilma MacLean with the support of the Sterling Assistance Depot that outlines a history of the Black population of that area and presents information about housing, education, employment, and community organizations (such as the United Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League).

CA BI T-799 · Item · 1977

Item consists of an audio reel that features a sound recording of C.B.I. Radio's Bill Doyle interviewing Ed Parris about Cape Breton's Black community.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Black culture in Cape Breton; His parents came from Barbados
  • Most blacks in Cape Breton came from West Indies but origin was Africa
  • Discrimination today
  • The African Orthodox Church
  • Close contact kept with relatives in West Indies
  • Ethnic food and music
  • Black culture will get stronger, young people are organizing
  • Intermarriage; His wife is white, no problems
  • The role of the media
  • Parents are influential in the Black community
  • Black United Front
  • George Maxwell, a Black man who spoke Gaelic
  • The television show "Roots" and its affect on Black culture
  • Hidden prejudice, it cannot be proven
  • Discrimination in employment, law
CA BI T-871 · File · 1977

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of a C.B.I. Radio interview with John Nicholson describing ethnic culture in Industrial Cape Breton.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Ethnic groups in Cape Breton Industrial Area: Why various groups came to the Island
  • Only blacks were recruited...
  • Rural Cape Bretoners came to industrial area for employment
  • Why different ethnic groups settled in specific areas
  • People remain in the old areas because of kinship
  • No hostilities among ethnic groups
  • Importance of Church and Church Hall
  • Problems were caused from outside
  • The role of unionism
  • Intermarriage
  • Role of the church in keeping groups together
  • Two distinct groups of Blacks
  • Compares Cape Breton ethnic groups to the Jewish people going to Israel

Side B:

  • Metropolitan character of Cape Breton ethnic groups
  • Future of these groups depends on economic development
  • Cape Bretoners are interested in their ethnic roots
  • They are different because everyone was allowed to retain their identity
  • Contributions of the ethnic groups to Cape Breton
  • Indians and Pakistanis have no problems settling here
  • Federal policies on multiculturalism
  • Cape Breton is as separate from Nova Scotia as it is from the rest of Canada
  • How ethnic Cape Bretoners see themselves (rarely as Nova Scotians)
CA BI MG 12.50 · Fonds · 1880-1978

Fonds consists of correspondence, papers, scrapbooks referring to ships, shipping, sailing, and items that were of interest to Captain John Parker. Included is a scrapbook that includes information about "Gaelic speaking Blacks" and photographs from a sailing trip to the West Indies.

Parker, John
Canadian Black Studies
CA BI FC 106 B5 C3 · Item · 1979

Item is a book containing twenty-three articles related to Black Studies, edited by Dr. Bridglal Pachai.

The following pieces are featured within the book:

  • D.R. Fraser Taylor, "Black Studies: A Canadian Perspective"
  • Jan Carew, "Black Studies: An Afro-American Perspective from Northwestern"
  • Peter Igbonekwu Okeh, "Black Studies: A West African Perspective"
  • Wilson A. Head, "Problems and Prospects for Blacks in the Canadian Mosaic"
  • R. Leighton Hutson, "Black Conciousness is our Culture"
  • James W. St. G. Walker, "Blacks in Context: Black Canadians and the History Curriculum"
  • Ralph E. James, "Concerns about Black Students in Science and Technology"
  • Howard D. McCurdy, "Blacks and Science"
  • Lorris Elliot, "Literary Writings by Blacks in Canada"
  • Vicent D'Oyley "Emerging Canadian Interethnic Issues and Canadian Black Studies"
  • Colin A. Thomson, "White Response to Black Migration to the Prairies, 1908-1912"
  • Jean Luc Gouveia, "The Blacks in Quebec or the Difficulty of Being a Minority Group that is 'Different'"
  • Phillip H Alexander, "Resource Development in Southwestern Ontario"
  • Judith R. Gold, "A Special University Program for Nova Scotian Blacks and Micmacs"
  • Cynthia M. Thomas, "Black Youth and Education"
  • Cherry Paris, "Education and Human Rights"
  • Eleanor Dorrington, "Halifax Outreach Employment Project"
  • Winston S. Ruck, "Nova Scotian Blacks in the Canadian Mosaic: Blacks and Employments"
  • Patricia Skinner, "The Minority Situation in the Antigonish, Guysborough Region"
  • Donald E. Fairfax, "The Black Church and Youth"
  • Wayne Adams, "The Church and the Black Man"
  • Carolyn Thomas, "The Black Church and the Black Woman"
  • Donald D. Skeir, "The African United Baptist Association and the Black Man in Nova Scotia."
Item · 1980

Item is a report that features information about the Black, Jewish, Newfoundland and Eastern European communities in Whitney Pier. The report pays special attention to issues faced by the Black Quarter, including racism and out-migration, and features population statistics for the years 1961-1980. Part of the report also focuses on the establishment of St. Philip's African Orthodox Church (1921).

Town of New Waterford
CA BI T-2167 · Item · 1981

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of C.J.C.B. Radio "Talk Back" announcer Norris Nathanson interviewing Dr. Danny Nathanson on the history of the town of New Waterford.

CA BI FC 2349 N48 B6 · Item · 1983

Item is a book edited by Ted Boutilier that outlines the history of New Waterford, as of its 70th anniversary in 1983. It features information about community institutions, culture, organizations, and recreation, and includes a section titled "The First Black Men to Settle in New Waterford."

The Blacks of Whitney Pier
CA BI T-2083 · File · 1983

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of Vernon Tull being interviewed by Elizabeth Beaton about the Black population in Whitney Pier.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Genealogical sketch
  • Early African Orthodox Church in Cape Breton
  • Religions practised by West Indians before the African Orthodox Church
  • Building Church
  • Archdeacon Phillips
  • Succession of priests and wardens
  • Keeping the records of the church
  • Discussion of architectural changes
  • Discussion of the different features of the Church
  • Financial Support Systems for the Church
  • Musical bands in the community

Side B:

  • War experiences
  • Early people who contributed to community
    i-30- The African Orthodox Church and young people
  • Connection to United Mission
  • Menelik Hall, Dr. Calder
  • Traditional Barbaian music
  • Cricket teams at Whitney Pier pre 1941
  • Traditional foodways
  • William Fitzgerald; owned much property at the Pier
West Indian Foodways
CA BI FT 1 (24) · Item · 1983

Item is a video of Elizabeth Beaton and Stephanie Inglis interviewing Uri Johnston and Cecilia Coward about West Indian Foodways.

The West Indians in Canada
CA BI PAM 2482 · Item · 1984

Item is a pamphlet that contains a history of the West Indians in Canada. The pamphlet features information about their background in the Caribbean, the early migrants that came to Canada, immigration that took place after immigration reforms in 1962, their adaptation to Canada, and provides a comparative perspective between West Indians and other ethnic groups. It was written by James W. St. G. Walker.

Blacks at Whitney Pier
CA BI T-2104 · File · 1984

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of Neville Gibson, Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford being interviewed by Elizabeth Beaton about the Black population of Whitney Pier.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Biographical information (Neville Gibson)
  • Rev. Phillips founder; White people creating problems for them (Neville Gibson)
  • Problem - St. Cyprians on Henry Street (Neville Gibson)
  • Re-iteration of involvement; Split in Black community (Neville Gibson)
  • The "Brethern" Bible study meetings (Neville Gibson)
  • Land bought by church; Bishop Trotman; History of African Orthodox Church (Neville Gibson)
  • Marcus Garvey; Black Star Line; U.N.I.A. (Neville Gibson)
  • Father lost house; Went to night school (informant); Picnics at Mira; Tennis courts; Menelik Hall (Neville Gibson)
  • Dr. Calder (Neville Gibson)
  • Connection between U.N.I.A. and A.O.C. (Neville Gibson)
  • Cricket Club (Neville Gibson)
  • Marcus Garvey; United Mission; Home and School (Neville Gibson)
  • Discrimination; Black scholarship program; Influence on Stanfield (Neville Gibson)
  • Black Methodist Church (Neville Gibson)
  • Reid Family (Neville Gibson)

Side B:

  • Biographical information; Born 1912; Arthur Stanley Trotman was father (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Robertson from States; One named Jones (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • A.O.C. history; Robertson worked out of church on Henry Street (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Robertson gone by 1924; Trotman had church on Victoria Road; Never a Methodist Church (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Chronology of Priest (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • St. Alban's problems (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Trotman, third bishop of A.O.C. (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
  • Marcus Garvey (Ralph Trotman, Vernal Till and Mae Crawford)
The Life of Alvinus Calder
CA BI T-292 · Item · 1985

Item is a reel to reel audio tape that features a sound recording of Elizabeth Beaton interviewing Carol Calder about Dr. Alvinus Calder.

Track listing is as follows:

  • Dr. Alvinus Calder, his life and diaries; Dr. Calder's papers are anecdote style, written in the third person, thoughts over a long period of time
  • Trip to Moscow, speech delivered on return, Post-Record clippings
  • Family still living in Grenada, his attitudes toward the governments administration of the country
  • His contemporaries - Dr. Young, Dr. Devereaux, Dr. Sandy MacDonald
  • Catholic; Attended St. Mary's Polish Church, good friend of Father O'Connell
  • Known for his public speaking, reference to Mrs. Calder, 3 books are rewrites
  • Dr. Calder, brown 1892, died 1975, lived in Grenada; For one year after graduating from medical school, involved with U.N.I.A.; Reference to St. Alban's, St. Philip's
CA BI T-2191 · Item · 1985

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of Mrs. Mary Best being interviewed by Toby Morris about the Ukrainian culture and her marriage to a West Indian man.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • Austrian-Hungarian background; Family moved to Sydney in 1930; Ukrainian-Polish neighbourhood, easy to get by without speaking English
  • Nuns were tolerant of problems facing immigrant children; Greek Orthodox went to Holy Ghost Church
  • Ukrainian festive traditions (Easter and Christmas)
  • Father experienced discrimination at open hearth, died in plant accident
  • Importance of education; Went to grade eight
  • Married West Indian, description of West Indian Culture

Side B:

  • Importance of Ukrainian language, taught at Ukrainian Hall; Loss of traditions
  • Job at Tea Gardens
  • All children born at home with a local woman as a midwife, old time remedies, doctors occasionally called
  • Homemade wines, livestock
  • Old people were good neighbours, multi-ethnic neighbourhood
  • Christmas - very holy; Food centre of celebration; Peanuts and walnuts hidden in straw
  • Baptisms were popular celebrations; Parents strict in enforcing Ukrainian language
  • Loss of Ukrainian language, spoken in stores
  • Women expected to get married and raise children
  • Crime was not a problem; no discrimination of prejudice
The Future of Sydney Steel
CA BI T-2258 · Item · ca. 1985

Item is an audio reel that features a sound recording of a CBC Radio program entitled "The Future of Sydney Steel."

Track listing is as follows:

  • The History of the Sydney Steel Plant, DOSCO threatening to close it on Black Friday 1967
  • History from 1901 to present
  • The working of the plant; Various furnaces
  • The importance of the Plant during World War II investments poured into the plant
  • Hard times before the Union came
  • Establishment of Local 1064
  • 1967 march in Sydney to keep the Steel Plant alive
  • Problems during the 1980s with SYSCO; Many of the mills closed and moved to Upper Canada
West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-372-1012 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-375-1015 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of band members in parade procession during the West Indian Reunion, Whitney Pier.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-377-1017 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of flag carriers marching in the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-381-1021 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-380-1020 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-382-1022 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of a band's drumline in the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.

CA BI SB 151 · Item · 1985

Item is a scrapbook that was compiled for the 200th Anniversary of Sydney celebrations that includes reproductions of photographs, event tickets, and newspaper articles, as well as listings of Black men who served during wartime, and a history of the Black population in Sydney.

Informal Religion
CA BI T-559 · Item · 1985

File consists of two audio reels that feature sound recordings of a speech presented by Reverend Vincent Waterman at St. Philip's African Orthodox Church to the Friends of Whitney Pier that outlines the history of the Church.

Track listing is as follows:
Side A:

  • History of A.O.C. priests, problems, establishment, etc.; Pier not an "ethnic ghetto," Synod in Pier
  • Trained by American Catholic Church, Endich Theological Seminary
  • Commitment to A.O.C.
  • Majority of Blacks belong to either United or Anglican or Catholic Churches
  • More support from whites, negative defeatist attitude in Sydney
  • Need for pride in community
  • Informal religion and A.O.C.
  • Father came in 1940
  • Sunday very important day, always dress up for church

Side B:

  • Christmas preparations, food and customs
  • Sermons based on gospel
  • Holy days
  • Christmas celebrations
  • Women in church
  • Prayers
  • Superstition, preach good behaviours, no African Methodist Episcopalian Churches in Nova Scotia
  • Brought up very strict
  • Awareness of African Heritage
  • Food was very important, West Indian dishes
  • Linguistics, dialects
  • Further from Cuba, mother from Antigua
  • Many left A.O.C.; Very discouraging at times
West Indian Reunion Parade
CA BI S85-373-1013 · Item · August, 1985

Item is a photograph of the parade procession during the West Indian Reunion.